Kavach System: The Kavach system was announced in the 2022 Union Budget as a part of the Atmanirbhar Bharat initiative.
It is India’s own automatic protection system, which is in development since 2012, under the name Train Collision Avoidance System (TCAS), which got rechristened Kavach or “armour”.It is a set of electronic devices and Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) devices installed in locomotives, in the signalling system as well as the tracks.
Adjournnent Sine Die: The Winter Session, 2022 of Parliament which commenced on 7th of December, 2022 has been adjourned sine die on the 23rd of December, 2022. The term “adjournment sine die” refers to the dismissal of a Parliamentary session for an undefined amount of time. In other terms, is when the House is adjourned without setting a date for resumption. The presiding officer of the House has the ability to adjourn sine die.
A House’s presiding officer can call a meeting of the House before the day or time set for suspension, or at any time after the House has been adjourned sine die.
FAME Scheme: The Faster Adoption and Manufacturing of Electric Vehicles (FAME) scheme was launched in April 2015 under the National Electric Mobility Mission, to encourage electric and hybrid vehicle purchase by providing financial support. Its first phase ran for four years until 2019.The second phase (FAME II) is a 3-year subsidy programme. It aims at supporting the electrification of public & shared transportation. Vehicles, fitted with only advanced chemistry battery, meeting with minimum Technical Criteria and registered as “Motor Vehicle” as per CMVR shall be eligible for incentive under the scheme. Scheme will be applicable mainly to vehicles used for public transport or those registered for commercial purposes. However, privately owned registered e-2Ws are also covered under the scheme as a mass segment.
Pradhan Mantri Formalisation Of Micro Food Processing Enterprise Scheme: PMFME Scheme was launched by the Ministry of Food Processing Industries, under the Aatmanirbhar Bharat Abhiyan. The aim is to empower the unorganized Micro Enterprises and to fulfill the aim of formalising the food processing sector.
Aim is to promote formalisation of the sector and provide support to Farmer Producer Organizations, Self Help Groups, and Producers Cooperatives along their entire value chain. It will be implemented over a period of five years from 2020-21 to 2024-25.
It is a centrally sponsored scheme.
Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana:The Department of Fisheries, Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry and Dairying, Government of India under Pradhan Mantri Matsya Sampada Yojana (PMMSY) implemented with effect from 2020-21 inter-alia provides insurance coverage to fishers which includes fish workers, fish farmers and any other categories of persons directly involved in fishing and fisheries related allied activities. The insurance coverage provided under the PMMSY includes (i) Rs.5,00,000/- against accidental death or permanent total disability, (ii) Rs.2,50,000/- for permanent partial disability and (iii) hospitalization expenses in the event of accident for a sum of Rs. 25,000/-