Sociology is a very popular subject among UPSC aspirants. As a UPSC aspirant, sociology offers a unique perspective that can greatly enhance your preparation for the civil services exam. Gain critical insights into the fabric of society, empowering yourself to address contemporary issues and policies with a profound understanding of the social landscape. Sociology is not just a subject; it’s a journey that equips you to make informed decisions. Embrace sociology, and let your UPSC journey be enriched with a deeper comprehension of the world we strive to serve.
|Toppers With Sociology Optional|
|Shruti Jayant Deshmuk||2018||5|
Sociology stands out as an excellent choice for UPSC aspirants, attracting students from various academic backgrounds, be it science or humanities. The beauty of this subject lies in its inclusivity, as it welcomes all individuals, regardless of their prior educational experiences. What’s more, Sociology offers great scoring potential, especially when students approach it with the right study methods and strategies.
(Check out the GS questions that relate to sociology below)
1) Perspectives on the Study of Indian Society:
(a) Indology (G.S. Ghure).
(b) Structural functionalism (M. N. Srinivas).
(c) Marxist sociology (A. R. Desai).
2) Impact of colonial rule on Indian society:
(a) Social background of Indian nationalism.
(b) Modernization of Indian tradition.
(c) Protests and movements during the colonial period.
(d) Social reforms.
1) Rural and Agrarian Social Structure:
(a) The idea of Indian village and village studies
(b) Agrarian social structure— evolution of land tenure system, land reforms.
2) Caste System:
(a) Perspectives on the study of caste systems: G. S. Ghurye, M. N. Srinivas, Louis Dumont, Andre Beteille.
(b) Features of caste system.
(c) Untouchability-forms and perspectives
3) Tribal Communities in India:
(a) Definitional problems.
(b) Geographical spread.
(c) Colonial policies and tribes.
(d) Issues of integration and autonomy.
4) Social Classes in India:
(a) Agrarian class structure.
(b) Industrial class structure.
(c) Middle classes in India.
5) Systems of Kinship in India:
(a) Lineage and descent in India.
(b) Types of kinship systems.
(c) Family and marriage in India.
(d) Household dimensions of the family.
(e) Patriarchy, entitlements, and sexual division of labour.
6) Religion and Society:
(a) Religious communities in India.
(b) Problems of religious minorities.
1) Visions of Social Change in India:
(a) Idea of development planning and mixed economy.
(b) Constitution, law, and social change.
(c) Education and social change.
2) Rural and Agrarian Transformation in India:
(a) Programmes of rural development, Community Development Programme, cooperatives, poverty alleviation schemes.
(b) Green revolution and social change.
(c) Changing modes of production in Indian agriculture.
(d) Problems of rural labour, bondage, migration.
3) Industrialization and Urbanisation in India:
(a) Evolution of modern industry in India.
(b) Growth of urban settlements in India.
(c) Working class: structure, growth, class mobilization.
(d) Informal sector, child labour.
(e) Slums and deprivation in urban areas.
4) Politics and Society:
(a) Nation, democracy and citizenship.
(b) Political parties, pressure groups, social and political elite.
(c) Regionalism and decentralization of power.
5) Social Movements in Modern India:
(a) Peasants and farmers’ movements.
(b) Women’s movement.
(c) Backward classes & Dalit movements.
(d) Environmental movements.
(e) Ethnicity and Identity movements.
6) Population Dynamics:
Population size, growth, composition and distribution.
Components of population growth: birth, death, migration.
Population Policy and family planning.
Emerging issues: ageing, sex ratios, child and infant mortality, reproductive health.
7) Challenges of Social Transformation:
(a) Crisis of development: displacement, environmental problems and sustainability.
(b) Poverty, deprivation and inequalities.
(c) Violence against women.
(d) Caste conflicts.
(e) Ethnic conflicts, communalism, religious revivalism.
(f) Illiteracy and disparities in education.
✅ Mention the names of different sociologists and discuss various sociological theories.
✅ Limit the sources and don’t read from too many different resources.
✅ The toppers emphasized adequate practice in answer writing before taking the actual UPSC exam.
✅ Complete the entire paper for 250 marks and do not leave any sections unattempted.
✅ Utilize newspapers as a source: Pay attention to topics that have the potential to be asked in the exam, such as gender/women issues, caste-based issues, tribal issues, erosion of Indian values, and Indian society.
✅ Provide multi-dimensional answers: Ensure your answers cover various dimensions and perspectives. When preparing a topic, include different angles and viewpoints.
✅ Do you think marriage as a sacrament in loosing its value in Modern India?
(PAPER 1: Contemporary trends in marriage)
✅ Child cuddling is now being replaced by mobile phones. Discuss its impact on the socialization of children. (PAPER 1: science, tech and social change)
✅ How did the colonial rule affect the tribals in India and what was the tribal response to the colonial oppression? (PAPER 2, Tribes in India)
✅ Does urbanization lead to more segregation and/or marginalization of the poor in Indian metropolises (PAPER 2: Urbanisation in India)
✅ Why is caste identity in India both fluid and static? (PAPER2: Caste in India)
✅ Explore and evaluate the impact of ‘Work From Home’ on family relationships. (PAPER 1: Work trends and family; chapter 6 and 7)
✅ How is the growth of Tier 2 cities related to the rise of a new middle class with an emphasis on the culture of consumption? (Paper 2: social classes in India)
✅ Given the diversities among the tribal communities in India, in which specific contexts should they be considered as a single category? (PAPER 2: tribes in India)
✅ Salience of ‘sect’ in Indian society vis-a-vis caste, region, and religion. (Paper1: religion and society)
✅ Role of Tolerance, assimilation, and Pluralism in Indian secularism (paper 1: religion and society)
✅ Examine the uniqueness of the tribal knowledge system when compared to mainstream knowledge and cultural system. (PAPER 2: tribes in India)
✅ Examine the role of the ‘Gig Economy’ in the process of empowerment of women in India. (PAPER 1: Work and economic life)
✅ What are the main socio-economic implications arising out of the development of IT industries in major cities of India? (PAPER 2: Industrialisation and urbanisation)
✅ Discuss the main objectives of Population Education and point out the measures to achieve them in India in detail. (PAPER 2: population dynamics)
✅ What is Cryptocurrency? How does it affect global society? Has it been affecting Indian society also? (current affairs)
✅ How does Indian society maintain continuity in traditional social values? Enumerate the changes taking place in it. (PAPER 1: social change in modern societies)
✅ Has caste lost its relevance in understanding the multicultural Indian Society? Elaborate your answer with illustrations.
✅ COVID-19 pandemic accelerated class inequalities and poverty in India. Comment.
✅ Do you agree that regionalism in India appears to be a consequence of rising cultural assertiveness? Argue.
✅ Are diversity and pluralism in India under threat due to globalization? Justify your answer.
✅ Customs and traditions suppress reason leading to obscurantism. Do you agree?
✅ How have digital initiatives in India contributed to the functioning of the education system in the country? Elaborate on your answer.
✅ Empowering women is the key to controlling population growth”. Discuss.
✅ What are the challenges to our cultural practices in the name of secularism?
✅ Do we have cultural pockets of small India all over the nation? Elaborate with examples.
✅ What are the continued challenges for women in India against time and space?
✅ Are we losing our local identity for the global identity? Discuss.
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