Dr B.R Ambedkar:He was an Indian jurist, economist, politician and social reformer.
He was born into a poor low Mahar (dalit) caste (untouchables).In 1930, Ambedkar launched the Kalaram Temple. Poona Pact: It was an agreement made in 1932 between Ambedkar and Mahatma Gandhi on the reservation of electoral seats for the depressed classes. He was the architect of the Constitution of India by serving as the Chairman of the Constitution Drafting Committee.He was independent India’s first law and justice minister.In 1956, he converted to Buddhism initiating mass conversions of Dalits.In 1990, the Bharat Ratna was posthumously conferred upon Ambedkar.In honour of Ambedkar, Indian Constitution Day (National Law Day) is celebrated on 26 November.Political parties/groups formed: Depressed Classes Federation (DCF) in 1930, Independent Labour Party (ILP) in 1936, Scheduled Castes Federation (SCF) in 1942.Literary works: Annihilation of Caste, Rande, Gandhi and Jinnah,Castes in India: Their Mechanism, Genesis and Development,The Buddha and His Dhamma, Waiting for a Visa.
Inter-Operable Criminal Justice System (ICJS) project: It is a national platform for enabling integration of the main IT system used for the delivery of Criminal Justice in the country by five pillars. It seeks to enable the seamless transfer of data and information among different pillars of the criminal justice system, like courts, police, jails and forensic science laboratories, from one platform.This system would be made available through a dedicated and secure cloud-based infrastructure with high-speed connectivity.National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) will be responsible for the implementation of the project in association with the National Informatics Center (NIC). The project will be implemented in collaboration with the States and Union Territories
A HELP Program:Recently, Accredited Agent for Health and Extension of Livestock Production programme was launched in the State of Uttarakhand. It is an initiative of the Union Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying and the Ministry of Rural Development. ‘A-HELP’ are community-based women activists, who assist veterinarians in local departmental activities help livestock farmers to take loans for entrepreneurship development, fill out applications, mark the ear tagging of animals and register them in the INAF portal and help with insurance etc.They will give vital contributions to preventing infectious diseases of animals, artificial insemination under the Rashtriya Gokul Mission (RGM), tagging animals and animal insurance.
National Agriculture Market (e-NAM):It is a pan-India electronic trading portal which networks the existing APMC mandis to create a unified national market for agricultural commodities.It was launched on 14th April 2016, and is completely funded by the Government of India.Small Farmers Agribusiness Consortium (SFAC) is the lead agency for implementing eNAM under the aegis of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers’ Welfare. Objective: To promote uniformity, removing information asymmetry and promoting real-time price discovery. Liberal Licensing of traders/buyers and commission agents by State authorities without any pre-condition of physical presence or possession of shop/premises in the market yard.One license for a trader is valid across all markets in the State.Provisions of assaying (quality testing) infrastructure in every market.Restriction of APMC jurisdiction to within the APMC market yard/sub yard instead of geographical area (the market area) at present.Single point levy of market fees, i.e. on the first wholesale purchase from the farmer.