Matua Dharma Maha Mela:Organized by the All India Matua Mahasangha, the event is a highly anticipated holiday for the Matua community, a subset of lower-class AVARNA Hindus belonging to the Namasudra Scheduled Caste group.It is a celebration of the community’s traditions and way of life, which were established by Shree Shree Harichand Thakur and developed by Guruchand Thakur and Boro Ma.They participate in religious ceremonies, including offering prayers to Shri Shri Harichand Thakur Ji and other spiritual leaders.
The Matua community has a significant presence in West Bengal and Bangladesh. The community’s origins can be traced back to the 19th century when Shree Shree Harichand Thakur founded the Matua sect. The sect’s teachings focused on the importance of compassion, equality, and social justice.
Indian Institute Of Astrophysics: The IIA with its headquarters in Bengaluru is an autonomous Research Institute wholly financed by the Department of Science and Technology, Government of India.IIA conducts research primarily in the areas of astronomy, astrophysics and related fields.It was established in 1971.IIA contributed to Astrosat, India’s first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory.Also led the development of Ultra-Violet Imaging Telescope (UVIT).The institute has a network of laboratories and observatories in India, including:
Kodaikanal – the Kodaikanal Solar Observatory
Kavalur – the Vainu Bappu Observatory,
Gauribidanur – the Gauribidanur Radio Observatory,
Hanle – the Indian Astronomical Observatory.
National Institute Of Ocean Technology: The NIOT was established in November 1993 as an autonomous society under the Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India.NIOT is managed by a Governing Council and the Director is the head of the Institute.
Major aim of starting NIOT is to develop reliable indigenous technologies to solve the various engineering problems associated with harvesting of non-living and living resources in the Indian Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ), which is about two-thirds of the land area of India.Headquater: ChennaiNIOT is the nodal institution for the Deep Ocean Mission, which encompasses all the areas of ocean technology likedevelopment of manned submersible, offshore large scale desalination, ocean thermal energy conversion, etc.
Foot-and-mouth disease:It is an infectious and sometimes fatal viral disease.Affects cloven-hoofed animals, including domestic and wild bovids.The virus causes a high fever for two or three days, followed by blisters inside the mouth and on the feet that may rupture and cause lameness.The virus responsible for the disease is a picornavirus, the prototypic member of the genus Aphthovirus.It has severe implications for animal farming, since it is highly infectious and can be spread by infected animals through aerosols, through contact with contaminated farming equipment, vehicles, clothing, or feed, and by domestic and wild predators.
Humans can be infected with foot-and-mouth disease through contact with infected animals, but this is extremely rare. Some cases were caused by laboratory accidents. Because the virus that causes FMD is sensitive to stomach acid, it cannot spread to humans via consumption of infected meat, except in the mouth before the meat is swallowed.