Universal Postal Union (UPU): It is a United Nations specialized agency and the postal sector’s primary forum for international cooperation. It was established by the Treaty of Bern of 1874.UPU is the second oldest international organization worldwide. It is to ensure universal access to postal services.
Headquarters: Bern, Switzerland. It coordinates postal policies among member nations in addition to the worldwide postal system. It sets the rules for international mail exchanges and makes recommendations to stimulate growth in mail, parcel and financial services volumes and improve the quality of service for customers. It helps to ensure a truly universal network of up-to-date products and services. It fulfils an advisory, mediating and liaison role and provides technical assistance where needed. Any member country of the United Nations may become a member of the UPU. Any non-member country of the United Nations may become a UPU member, provided that its request is approved by at least two-thirds of the member countries of the UPU. The UPU now has 192 member countries.
Bharat Bill Payment System (BBPS): BBPS is an integrated bill payment system or a platform that acts as a connection between various billers and users. It is a one-stop ecosystem for payment of all bills providing an interoperable and accessible “Anytime Anywhere” Bill payment service to all customers across India with certainty, reliability and safety of transactions. It offers customers the convenience of payment by cataloguing various utility providers under one platform. It acts as a central reference for a customer who wants to make different payments — whether utility bills, loan repayments, FasTag recharge, and so on. Bharat BillPay transactions can be initiated through multiple payment channels like Internet, Internet Banking, Mobile, Mobile-Banking, Mobile Wallets Bank Branch, Agents and Business Correspondents etc.BBPS was conceptualised by the Reserve Bank of India in 2013 and is a product of the National Payments Council of India (NPCI).
DPT3 Vaccine: The DPT vaccine is a class of combination vaccines against three infectious diseases in humans: diphtheria, pertussis (whooping cough), and tetanus. The vaccine components include diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and either killed whole cells of the bacterium that causes pertussis or pertussis antigens. The primary dose of DPT is provided as part of the pentavalent vaccine and 2 booster doses are given at 16 -24 months and 5-6 years, respectively.
Diphtheria: It is an infectious disease caused by Corynebacterium diphtheria, a bacterium.
Vulnerable groups: Diphtheria particularly affects children aged 1 to 5 years. In temperate climates, diphtheria tends to occur during the colder months.
Tetanus: It is an infection caused by bacteria called Clostridium tetani. When these bacteria enter the body, they produce a toxin that causes painful muscle contractions.
Tetanus bacteria are more likely to infect certain breaks in the skin. It does not spread from person to person.
Pertussis: It is also known as whooping cough. It is a very contagious respiratory illness caused by a type of bacteria called Bordetella pertussis. Whooping cough bacteria attach to the cilia (tiny, hair-like extensions) that line part of the upper respiratory system. The bacteria release toxins (poisons), which damage the cilia and cause airways to swell. It can spread easily from person to person through the air.