Jaipur declaration: The 18th UIC World Security Congress, jointly organized by Railway Protection Force(RPF) and the International Union of Railways (UIC), concluded today with the adoption of the Jaipur Declaration. Jaipur declaration” outlining an actionable agenda for UIC to explore innovative approaches that can help global Railway organizations achieve their long-term goal of safety and security. The declaration highlighted the commitment of UIC to work towards providing a more safe and secure rail network across the globe, by also fully activating the Asia-Pacific, Latin America and African regional assemblies by 2025.
Avian influenza: Avian Influenza (H5N1) was detected by the ICAR-National Institute of High Security Animal Disease, Bhopal from the samples received from Government Poultry Farm at Bokaro, Jharkhand. Avian influenza or bird flu refers to the disease caused by infection with avian influenza Type A viruses. Infrequently, the virus can infect mammals from birds, a phenomenon called spillover, and rarely can spread between mammals.
Symptoms in Humans: Range from mild to severe influenza-like illnesses such as fever, cough, sore throat, muscle aches, nausea, abdominal pain, diarrhea, vomiting. Human-to-human transmission of the H5N1 virus is very rare..Evidence suggests that some antiviral drugs can reduce the duration of viral replication and improve prospects of survival.
Previously in 2019, India was declared free from Avian Influenza (H5N1), which had also been notified to the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE).
Phosphor-Gypsum: The National Highways Authority of India along with other departments is going to take up field trials on NHAI projects for use of Phosphor-Gypsum in National Highway construction.
Phosphorus is a mineral critical to all life on Earth. As a requirement of all biological beings, it is a cornerstone of nutrition for plants, animals, and people. Phosphogypsum is a waste by-product from the processing of phosphate rock in plants producing phosphoric acid and phosphate fertilizers, such as superphosphate. It is used in agriculture for soil amendment or as fertilizer, as well as in the brick and cement industry, and road construction.
Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission: The National Health Authority (NHA) under its flagship Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) introduced the Scan and Share (QR-code-based) service for faster OPD registrations in 2022.
ABDM aims to develop the backbone to support the integrated digital health infrastructure of the country. It is a component of the Ayushman Bharat scheme. It is a flagship program of India that was introduced by the National Health Policy 2017‘s recommendations to achieve the goal of Universal Health Coverage (UHC).It was launched in September 2021 by the Prime Minister.
Components of the Scheme:
- Ayushman Bharath Health Account Number
- Healthcare Professionals Registry (HPR)
- Health Facility Registry (HFR)
- ABHA Mobile App
- Unified Health Interface (UHI)
- ABDM sandbox