ISRO System for Safe & Sustainable Operation” (IS4OM): S4OM is a facility that is conceived with a holistic approach towards ensuring safety and sustainability while reaping the benefits of sustainable utilization of outer space for national development.
Mandate: Multi-domain awareness platform S4OM will bring a prompt, accurate and efficient information on on-orbit collision, fragmentation, atmospheric re-entry risk, space based strategic information, hazardous asteroids and space weather forecast.
Key Function: S4OM facility will aid India in achieving its SSA (Space Situational Awareness) goals by providing a comprehensive and timely information.
Significance: IS4OM facility can support-All routine operations safeguarding Indian space assets, mitigating collision threats from space objects.
Centralized Public Grievances Redress and Monitoring System (CPGRAMS): It is an online web-enabled system developed by National Informatics Centre, in association with Directorate of Public Grievances (DPG) and Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG).
The underlying idea was to receive, redress and monitor the grievances of the public.
It was launched by the Department of Administrative Reforms & Public Grievances (DARPG) under the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances & Pensions.
The CPGRAMS provides the facility to lodge a grievance online from any geographical location..
Pradhan Mantri Kisan Samman Nidhi Yojana: It was launched in 2019 to supplement financial needs of land holding farmers. Financial benefit of Rs 6000/- per year in three equal installments, every four month is transferred into the bank accounts of farmers’ families across the country through Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) mode.
Scope of the Scheme:The scheme was initially meant for Small and Marginal Farmers (SMFs) having landholding upto 2 hectares but scope of the scheme was extended to cover all landholding farmers.
Funding and Implementation:It is a Central Sector Scheme with 100% funding from the Government of India.It is being implemented by the Ministry of Agriculture and FarmersWelfare.
Objectives: To supplement the financial needs of the Small and Marginal Farmers in procuring various inputs.
- To protect them from falling in the clutches of moneylenders.
Exclusion Under PM KISAN Scheme: The following categories of beneficiaries of higher economic status shall not be eligible for benefit under the scheme:
- All Institutional Landholders.
- Former and present holders of constitutional posts
- Former and present Ministers ,former/present Members of LokSabha/ RajyaSabha/ State Legislative Assemblies/ State Legislative Councils, Mayors of Municipal Corporations,and Chairpersons of District Panchayats.
- All serving or retired officers and employees of Central/ State Government Ministries
- All Persons who paid Income Tax in last assessment year
- Professionals like Doctors, Engineers, Lawyers, Chartered Accountants, and Architects.