- Metastasis: It is the spread of cancer cells from the place where they first formed to another part of the body.In metastasis, cancer cells break away from the original (primary) tumor, travel through the blood or lymph system, and form a new tumor in other organs or tissues of the body.When cancer becomes metastatic, doctors often use the verb “metastasized.” In general, metastatic cancer is considered an advanced form of cancer.The new, metastatic tumor is the same type of cancer as the primary tumor. For example, if breast cancer spreads to the lung, the cancer cells in the lung are breast cancer cells, not lung cancer cells.Metastases is the plural form of metastasis. Metastases can also develop when cancer cells from the main tumor break off and grow in nearby areas, such as in the liver, lungs, or bones.The most common sites for cancers to metastasize include the lungs, liver, bones and brain.
- Project Dantak: Project Dantak is an overseas project of the BRO under the Ministry of Defence of India.It was established on 24 April 1961 as a result of an agreement between Jigme Dorji Wangchuck, the third king of Bhutanand then Prime Minister of India Jawahar Lal Nehru.
It is primarily focused on developing infrastructure and providing connectivity in remote areas of Bhutan.It was tasked to construct the pioneering motorable roads in Bhutan.It completed the road connecting Samdrup Jongkhar to Trashigang in 1968. In the same year, Thimphu was connected to Phuentsholing by Dantak.Some other notable projects executed by the project include the construction of Paro Airport, Yonphula Airfield, Thimphu – Trashigang Highway, Telecommunication & Hydro Power Infrastructure, Sherubtse College, Kanglung and India House Estate.The project recruits local workers from Bhutan as well as Indian workers from adjoining districts along the India-Bhutan border.
- Kaladan Multi-Modal Transit Transport Project: Kaladan Project would link India and Myanmar via the Bay of Bengal.It was jointly identified by India and Myanmar to create a multi-modal mode of transport for the shipment of cargo from the eastern ports of India to Myanmar as well as to the North-Eastern part of India through Myanmar.It is being constructed by India under the Grant in Aid Scheme.Once completed, it will link Kolkata with the Sittwe seaport in Rakhine state in Myanmar, primarily over the Bay of Bengal – covering over 500 km.The project envisaged four important stages: Kolkata to Sittwe waterway; Sittwe to Paletwa inland (River Kaladan) waterway;Paletwa to India-Myanmar border post in Myanmar;Finally, linking the road to Lawngtlai in Mizoramas part of the project’s last leg.
Benefits: The project is expected to contribute to the economic development of the North-Eastern States of India.It also provides a strategic link to the North-East, thereby reducing pressure on the Siliguri Corridor.
- World Environment Day: This year, the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, envisages to celebrate the World Environment Day 2023 with a thrust on the Mission LiFE. World Environment Day is the United Nations day for encouraging worldwide awareness and action to protect our environment. Every year on 5th of June to mark the first day of The United Nations Conference on the Human Environment which was held in Stockholm, Sweden from June 5–16 in 1972. First year of observance of WED: In 1974 the first WED was held with the theme “Only One Earth”.The theme for World Environment Day on 5 June 2023 will focus on solutions to plastic pollution under the campaign #BeatPlasticPollution.