MISHTI scheme:In the Union Budget 2023-24 Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced a new MISHTI scheme. MISHTI (Mangrove Initiative for Shoreline Habitats & Tangible Incomes)
It is a new programme that will facilitate mangrove plantations along India’s coastline and on saltpan lands.The programme will operate through “convergence between MGNREGS, Campa Fund and other sources.”This new programme will aim at the intensive afforestation of coastal mangrove forests.
IT Amendment Rules 2023:The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) released an amendment to the IT Rules 2021, to regulate online real money games where users have to risk money to play.For intermediaries, it is obligatory, To avoid hosting, publishing, and sharing any online game that might be harmful to users and has not been approved by an online gaming self-regulatory authority.To make sure that no non-authorised online game’s advertisement is hosted on its platform.To refrain from publishing, disseminating or hosting fabricated, inaccurate or misleading information about any Central Government business.
Responsibilities of intermediaries:Displaying of a mark of verification by the self-regulatory body;Informing users of the policy for withdrawal or refund of deposit;Obtaining the KYC details of the users;Not giving credit or enabling financing by third parties to the users, etc.Multiple self-regulatory bodies that represent the online gambling sector and operate independently of their members may be notified by the government.The Ministry had previously suggested that news that has been deemed “fake” by the PIB’s fact-checking team will not be permitted on online intermediaries. The reference to PIB was dropped from the Amendment Rules 2023.The social media companies have submitted a proposal to the Center to establish the Misinformation Combat Alliance – a network of fact-checkers that will verify misleading content.
Bandipur Tiger Reserve:It was established in the 1930s as a wildlife sanctuary, which became a tiger reserve in 1973.It is situated in two contiguous districts (Mysore and Chamarajanagar) of Karnataka and located at the tri-junction area of the States of Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala.Bandipur Tiger Reserve is surrounded by: Nagarahole Tiger Reserve (Tamil Nadu) in the North West (Kabini Reservoir separates the two).Mudumalai Tiger Reserve (Tamil Nadu) in the South.Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary (Kerala) in the South West.This area has the River Kabini in its north and River Moyar in its south.It comprises diverse vegetation of dry deciduous to tropical mixed deciduous. It includes rosewood, Indian kino tree, sandalwood, Indian laurel, clumping bamboo and giant clumping bamboo etc.Fauna: It is a shelter for the largest population of wild Asian elephants in South Asia. It comprises other mammals such as Bengal tiger, gaur, sloth bear, golden jackal, dhole and four-horned antelope etc.
Mudumulai Tiger Reserve:It is located in the Nilgiris District of Tamil Nadu at the tri-junction of three states, viz, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu.It is part of the Nilgiris Biosphere Reserve.
It has a common boundary with Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary on the West, Bandipur Tiger Reserve on the North, the Nilgiris North Division on the South and East, and Gudalur Forest Division on the South West. A variety of habitats ranging from tropical evergreen forest, moist deciduous forest, moist teak forest, dry teak forest, secondary grasslands, and swamps are found here.It has tall grasses, commonly referred to as “Elephant Grass”, bamboo of the giant variety, and valuable timber species like Teak, Rosewood, etc.