ASEAN-India Business summit:It is being held as part of the ASEAN-India Year of Friendship to commemorate the more than three-decade-long engagement between India and the 10-member bloc in Kuala Lumpur.
It is a group of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, which was established in 1967 with the signing of the Bangkok declaration.Founding members: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.Presently ASEAN comprises 10 member states namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Brunei, Laos, Myanmar, Cambodia and Vietnam.
It promotes intergovernmental cooperation and facilitates economic, political, security, military, educational, and sociocultural integration between its members and other countries in Asia.
National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (NPDRR):It was established by the Indian government in 2013 to bring together all segments of the disaster risk community in India.
The theme of this year’s session: “Building Local Resilience in a Changing Climate
Functions: It facilitates the exchange of experiences, views, and ideas, presents the results of research and action, and explores the possibility of cooperating across continents.
As a result of this platform, National Action Plans on Disaster Risk Reduction will have a strategic direction and an action plan.
Organisational Structure: The Union Home Minister chairs the NPDRR, which is also headed by the Minister of State in charge of Disaster Management in the Ministry of Home Affairs and Vice-Chairman of, the National Disaster Management Authority.
In the Ministry of Home Affairs, the Special Secretary/Additional Secretary/Joint Secretary responsible for the Disaster Management Division acts as the convener of NPDRR.
National Agricultural Cooperative Marketing Federation of India Ltd:It is an apex organization of marketing cooperatives for agricultural produce in India.It was founded on 2nd October 1958 and is registered under the Multi-State Co-operative Societies Act, 2002.NAFED is now one of the largest procurement as well as marketing agencies for agricultural products in India.
Objectives:To organize, promote and develop marketing, processing and storage of agricultural, horticultural and forest produce.To distribute agricultural machinery, implements and other inputs, undertake inter-state, import and export trade, wholesale or retail as the case may be.To act and assist for technical advice in agricultural production.
Advantage of Bamboo: After planting, bamboo clumps start yielding after 4-7 years,it can become part of agro forestry practice in small land holdings.New bamboo plantations may curb the pressure from deforestation by serving as wood substitutes.It can be planted to reclaim severely degraded sites and wastelands.It is good soil binder owing to its peculiar clump formation and fibrous root system and hence also plays an important role in soil and water conservation.It is the fastest growing canopy, releasing 35 per cent more oxygen than trees.
There are studies reporting that bamboo stands sequester 12 tonnes of carbon dioxide from per hectare.Madhya Pradesh has the largest area under bamboo forests, bamboo culture thrives in the North Eastern region.India is second only to China in terms of bamboo diversity.The North-Eastern States are a storehouse of bamboo diversity, home to 58 bamboo varieties