INCOIS: Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services is an autonomous organization under the Ministry of Earth Sciences (MoES). It is mandated to provide the best possible ocean information and advisory services to society, industry, government agencies and the scientific community through sustained ocean observations and constant improvement through systematic and focused research.
Coastal Vulnerability Index: Under the CVI, INCOIS has brought out an Atlas comprising 156 maps on 1:1,00,000 scales to prepare a CVI. These maps determine the coastal risks due to future sea-level rise based on the physical and geological parameters for the Indian coast. The CVI uses the relative risk that physical changes will occur as sea-level rises are quantified based on parameters like: Tidal range, Wave height, Coastal slope, Coastal elevation, Shoreline change rate, Geomorphology, Historical rate of relative sea-level change.
eSanjeevani: It is a doctor-to-doctor telemedicine system, being implemented under the Ayushman Bharat Health and Wellness Centre (AB-HWCs) programme. It seeks to connect all 1,50,000 HWCs using the hub-and-spoke model by December 2022. Under the model, a network will be established comprising an anchor establishment, or hub, which offers a full array of services, and will be complemented by secondary establishments, or spokes, which offer limited services, routing patients needing more intensive services to the hub for treatment.
Public Affairs Index: is released by the Bangalore based think tank ‘Public Affairs Centre’. In this index, Bihar has been ranked 12th in the list of large states in the equity column, while Gujarat is at the first and Uttar Pradesh is at the last position. In the overall ranking, Kerala has been ranked first and Tamil Nadu is at second place. Bihar and Uttar Pradesh are at the last rank for the year 2021.
PSLV: Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle is the third generation launch vehicle of India. It is a four-staged launch vehicle with first and third stages using solid rocket motors and second and fourth stages using liquid rocket engines. It is the first Indian launch vehicle to be equipped with liquid stages. It has a history of successful launches of payloads that include Chandrayaan-1, Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)and the space recovery mission, etc. The PSLV has failed only twice in its history — the maiden flight of the PSLV D1 in 1993 and the PSLV C-39 in 2017.
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