1) The Gender Snapshot 2022: The Gender Snapshot 2022 report was launched by UN Women and the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs (UN DESA).
- It displayed that Sustainable Development Goal 5 (SDG-5), or achieving gender equality, will not be met by 2030 at the current pace of progress.
- 286 years will be needed to achieve full gender equality at current rate of progress.
2) Shumang Leela: Shumang Leela (courtyard play) is a Manipuri theatrical art form developed in the 19th-20th century.
- It descended from Lai Haraoba, a ritual of the Meitei community.
- Shumang leela is performed to live music by either an all-male cast (who play women’s roles too) or an all-women cast (who play men’s roles too) called nupi shumang leela, and occasionally transgenders too.
3) BPal Treatment: The BPaL is a 6-month, all-oral three-drug regimen that is used to treat people with highly drug-resistant forms of TB.
- This regimen consists of three antibiotics – Pretomanid (newest anti-TB drug), Bedaquiline and Linezolid.
- The BPaL regimen has been developed by TB Alliance, a non-profit organization
- BPaL will reduce the TB treatment time drastically from 18 months to 6 months.
- Facts – India has the world’s highest TB burden: 2.6 million active cases.
4) EWS Quota: A Constitution Bench led by the Chief Justice of India finalized three cardinal issues for examining whether the 103rd Constitutional Amendment violates the Basic Structure of the Constitution.
- Economic criteria: Whether the amendment breaches the Basic Structure by permitting the state to make special provisions, including reservation, based on economic criteria.
- Admissions: Whether it violates the Basic Structure by allowing the state to make special provisions in relation to admissions to private unaided institutions
- Excluding SC/ST/OBC: Whether the Basic Structure is trampled upon by the constitutional amendment by excluding SEBC/OBC/SC/ST communities from the scope of the EWS quota.
5) Kirit Parikh Committee: The Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas has set up a committee under noted energy expert Kirit Parikh to review the current gas pricing formula.
- The panel has been asked to recommend a fair price to end consumers and also suggest a “market-oriented, transparent and reliable pricing regime for India’s long-term vision for ensuring a gas-based economy”.