IMR: The Infant Mortality Rate or IMR is the number of deaths of children (under one year of age) per 1000 live births. The infant mortality rate for India in 2021 was 771 deaths per 1000 live births, a 3.61% decline from 2020.The SDG 3 aims to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. It includes reduction in Infant Mortality Rate as well.
MMR: MMR is defined as the number of maternal deaths during a given time period per 1,00,000 live births during the same time period. The target 3.1 of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) set by the United Nations aims at reducing the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 1,00,000 live births. MMR has declined to 113 in 2016-18 from 122 in 2015-17 and 130 in 2014-2016.
Index of Industrial Production: IIP is an indicator that measures the changes in the volume of production of industrial products during a given period. It is compiled and published monthly by the National Statistical Office (NSO), Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation. Base Year for IIP is 2011-2012. These comprise 40.27% of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP). The eight core sector industries in decreasing order of their weightage: Refinery Products> Electricity> Steel> Coal> Crude Oil> Natural Gas> Cement> Fertilizers.
Habeas Corpus: The Indian Constitution empowers the Supreme Court to issue writs for enforcement of any of the fundamental rights conferred by Part III of Indian Constitution under Article 32. Thus the power to issue writs is primarily a provision made to make available the Right to Constitutional Remedies to every citizen. Habeas Corpus literally means “you may have the body.” The writ is issued to produce a person who has been detained, whether in prison or in private custody, before a court and to release him if such detention is found illegal.
CECA: Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement generally covers negotiation on trade tariff and TRQ (Tariff Rate Quotas) rates only. It is not as comprehensive as CEPA. India has signed CECA with Malaysia.
Poshan Abhiyan: POSHAN Abhiyaan (National Nutrition Mission) was launched by the government on March 8, 2018. The Abhiyaan targets to reduce stunting, undernutrition, anemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively. The target of the mission is to bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 38.4% to 25% by 2022. POSHAN Abhiyaan aims to ensure service delivery and interventions by use of technology, behavioural change through convergence and lays-down specific targets to be achieved across different monitoring parameters.
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