Lohri Festival: primarily celebrated by Sikhs and Hindus. It marks the end of the winter season and is traditionally believed to welcome the sun to the northern hemisphere. It is observed a night before Makar Sankranti, this occasion involves a Puja Parikrama around the bonfire with prasad. It is essentially termed as the festival of the farmers and harvest, whereby, the farmers thank the Supreme Being.
PHDI- Planetary Pressure Adjusted HDI: is an experimental metric that adjusts the Human Development Index (HDI) for planetary pressures. This index is similar to the Inequality-adjusted HDI adjustment, previously introduced by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP). It is the level of human development adjusted by carbon dioxide emissions per person and material footprint per capita. The material foot print is the amount of fossil fuels, metals and other resources consumed by a country to produce the required Goods and Services. In an ideal scenario where there are no pressures on the planet, the PHDI equals the HDI. However, all countries of the world have substantial pressure from their part. If this new metric is taken into account, Ireland tops the list while India moves 8 positions up from the HDI rank of 131.
Henley Passport Index: lists the most travel-friendly passports of the world. This year India has been ranked at 83rd. Henley Passport Index ranks the passports of countries on the basis of number of destinations their holders can visit without getting visa in advance. Rankings are decided by analysing the data provided by ‘International Air Transport Association (IATA)’.
Adjusted Gross Revenue: is the usage and licensing fee that telecom operators are charged by the Department of Telecommunications (DoT). It is divided into spectrum usage charges and licensing fees, pegged between 3-5 percent and 8 percent respectively. As per DoT, the charges are calculated based on all revenues earned by a telco – including non-telecom related sources such as deposit interests and asset sales.
Debt to GDP ratio: is the metric comparing a country’s public debt to its gross domestic product (GDP). By comparing what a country owes with what it produces, the debt-to-GDP ratio reliably indicates that particular country’s ability to pay back its debts.