Microplastic: Microplastics refers to plastic products that are less than 5mm in size and include microfibres (most abundant), fragments, pellets, flakes, sheets or foams. They enter water bodies through different pathways, including atmospheric deposition, run-off from contaminated land or through municipal wastewater.
Micro-swimmers: Recent research is aiming at moving microbots/micro-swimmers into the bloodstream to deliver drugs. These micro-swimmers are microbots, made from two-dimensional compound poly (heptazine imide) carbon nitride. They range from 1-10 micrometre (a micrometre is one-millionth of a metre) in size, and can self-propel when energised by shining light. These ions move around the particle and make the fluid around it, causing the microbots (micro-swimmers) swim.
Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS): Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) has launched several applications India’s traffic scenario. ITS are control and information systems that use integrated communications and data under the Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) as part of the InTranSE- II program to improve processing technologies for the purposes of:
- Improving mobility of people and goods.
- Increasing safety, reducing traffic congestion and managing incidents effectively.
- Meeting transport policy goals and objectives.
- Minimising impacts of environmental, highway and human factors that contribute to accidents.
H1N1: Also called as pig influenza, swine flu, hog flu and pig flu. It is an infection caused by any one of several types of swine influenza viruses. Swine influenza virus is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is endemic in pigs. Influenza A (H1N1) virus is the subtype of influenza A virus that is the most common cause of human influenza. It is an orthomyxovirus that contains the glycoproteins haemagglutinin and neuraminidase. H1N1 influenza (or swine flu) is a highly contagious acute respiratory disease of pigs caused by type A influenza virus that regularly causes outbreaks of influenza in pigs. Swine flu viruses do not normally infect humans. However, sporadic human infections with swine flu have occurred. Most commonly, these cases occur in people with direct exposure to pigs (e.g., children near pigs at a fair or workers in the swine industry). However, there have been cases of human-to-human spread of swine flu.
PM eVidya: is a unique and innovative venture by the Ministry of Education, Government of India to facilitate multi-mode access to digital/online teaching-learning contents of various types among students and teachers. The scheme was launched under the One Nation One Digital Platform with the objective of protecting the education of children during the Covid-19 pandemic. Other than that a TV channel called one class one channel will also be launched for students who are studying in class 1st to 12th. For visually and hearing impaired students the government will also do radio podcasts.