1) James Webb Space Telescope (JWST): It is the most powerful infrared telescope of National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
- It is also considered a successor of the Hubble Telescope and will extend and complement its discoveries.
- The telescope is the result of an international collaboration between NASA, the European Space Agency (ESA) and the Canadian Space Agency.
- Webb will reveal new and unexpected discoveries, and help humanity understand the origins of the universe and our place in it. The telescope will study the atmospheres of a wide diversity of exoplanets.
- It is currently at a point in space known as the Sun-Earth L2 Lagrange point,
2) SMACS 0723: NASA’s James Webb Space Telescope has delivered the deepest and sharpest infrared image of the distant universe so far.
- This image shows the galaxy cluster SMACS 0723 as it appeared 4.6 billion years ago.
- The combined mass of the galaxy cluster acts as a gravitational lens, magnifying much more distant galaxies behind it.
- NASA will release more first images from the James Webb Space Telescope. The list of images will include Carina Nebula, WASP-96 b (spectrum data), Southern Ring Nebula and Stephen’s Quintet.
3) Cosmic cliffs: Webb revealed the clearest image to date of the early universe, going back 13 billion years. The latest tranche included the “mountains” and “valleys” of a star-forming region called NGC 3324 in the Carina Nebula, dubbed the “Cosmic Cliffs”, 7,600 light years away.
4) Youth in India 2022’ report: released by the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation.
- States such as Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Himachal Pradesh are projected to see a higher elderly population than the youth by 2036.
- this report said youth in the age group of 15-29 years comprise 27.2 per cent of the population for 2021, which is expected to decrease to 22.7 by 2036.
- The proportion of the population aged under 15 years is projected to decline, the elderly in the population is expected to increase, the report said. “The youth population is expected to increase initially but will start to decline in the latter half of 2011-2036 period
5) Bail: is the conditional/provisional release of a person held under legal custody (in matters which are yet to be pronounced by the Court), by undertaking a promise to appear in the Court as and when required.
- Regular Bail: It is a direction given by the Court (any Court within the country) to release a person who is already under arrest and kept in police custody.
- Interim Bail: Bail granted for a temporary and short period by the Court till the application seeking Anticipatory Bail or Regular Bail is pending before a Court.
- Anticipatory Bail: A direction issued to release a person on Bail even before the person is arrested. In this situation, there is apprehension of arrest and the person is not arrested before the Bail is granted.