1) Green steel: it is the manufacturing of steel using renewable or low-carbon energy sources such as hydrogen, coal gasification, or electricity instead of the traditional carbon-intensive manufacturing route of coal-fired plants.
- To move towards ‘Green Steel’, the Petroleum and Natural Gas Ministry launched Pradhan Mantri Urja Ganga Project in Eastern India in 2019 to provide gas to all steel plants located in the area.
- At present, the country’s iron and steel sector is financially weak. However, Green Steel manufacturing is an expensive process involving high cost.
2) Neelakurinji: It is a shrub that grows in the shola forests of the Western Ghats in South India.
- The plant is named after the famous Kunthi River which flows through Kerala’s Silent Valley National Park, where the plant occurs abundantly. It is found at an altitude of 1,300-2,400 metres. This flower blooms once in 12 year as the pollination of flowers needs a longer period. It is mainly found in the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Karnataka.
- It is under Schedule III of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972
3) Galactic halo: It is a nearly spherical volume of thinly scattered stars, globular clusters of stars, and tenuous gas observed surrounding spiral galaxies, including the Milky Way.
- Galactic halo is dominated by invisible dark matter, whose presence is only measurable through the gravity that it exerts.
- Only about 1% of a galaxy’s stellar mass resides in its halo, and due to this low luminosity, the observation of halos in other galaxies is extremely difficult.
- Stellar halo: It is the visible portion of a galactic halo.
- It is composed of globular clusters and field stars which have high space velocities that can take them far out of the galactic disk. They may hold some of the best preserved fossils of the formation history of galaxies.
4) Gangasagar Mela: It is known as the world’s second largest human congregation after Kumbh.
- It happens every year during Makar Sankranti. The mela is held at Sagar Island.
- It has been mentioned in Indian epics such as the Ramayana and Mahabharata, putting its existence as early as 400 BCE.
- The pilgrims after taking a dip in Ganga also visit the temple of Kapil Muni.
- Kapila or Maharishi Kapila is a Vedic sage (rishi) traditionally considered to be the original proponent of the Samkhya system of Indian philosophy, around 6th or 7th century C.E.
- Kapila is described within the Puranas as an incarnation of Vishnu.
- He is known for teaching a process of liberation known as bhakti yoga.
5) MAARG PLATFORM: It is the National Mentorship Platform by Start-up India to help and guide new start-ups to grow and flourish.
- It is a one-stop platform to facilitate mentorship for start-ups across diverse sectors, functions, stages, geographies, and backgrounds.
- Nodal Ministry: Launched by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) under the Ministry of Commerce and Industry.