JCPOA: The JCPOA was the result of prolonged negotiations from 2013 and 2015 between Iran and P5+1 (China, France, Germany, Russia, the United Kingdom, the United States). The JCPOA obliged Iran to accept constraints on its uranium enrichment program verified by an intrusive inspection regime in return for a partial lifting of economic sanctions.
Gallium Nitride: Gallium Nitride Ecosystem Enabling Centre and Incubator (GEECI) has been set up in Bengaluru. The facility has been jointly set up by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology and IISc Bengaluru. It is aimed at establishing GaN based Development Line Foundry facility, especially for RF and power applications, including strategic applications. About Gallium Nitride: Gallium Nitride (GaN) is believed to be the second most important material after silicon for electronics chips. Properties of Gallium Nitride: High heat capacity, Sensitivity to ionizing radiation is low, faster-switching speed, higher thermal conductivity and lower on-resistance. Applications: GaN is a semiconductor commonly used in blue light-emitting diodes (LEDs). Gallium Nitride Technology is of strategic importance with its application in the field of 5G, space and defense. Gallium Nitride (GaN) plays a key role in enabling e-vehicles and wireless communication.
BRO: BRO was conceived and raised in 1960 by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru for coordinating the speedy development of a network of roads in the North and the North Eastern border regions of the country. It works under the administrative control of the Ministry of Defence. It has diversified into a large spectrum of construction and development works comprising airfields, building projects, defence works and tunneling and has endeared itself to the people.
India Bangladesh Protocol Route: As per the Protocol on Inland Water Transit and Trade, inland vessels of one country can transit through the specified routes of the other country. Under the Protocol, 50:50 cargo sharing by Indian and Bangladeshi vessels is permitted both for transit and inter country trade. Pandu in Guwahati recently received the maiden voyage of food-grains from Patna to via Bangladesh, ushering new age for inland waterways in Assam as Brahmaputra (NW2) gets connected with Ganga (National Waterway-1) via Indo Bangladesh Protocol (IBP) route.
MMR: MMR is the annual number of maternal deaths per 100,000 live births. Maternal death is the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy. It is a key performance indicator for efforts to improve the health and safety of mothers before, during, and after childbirth. The maternal mortality ratio (MMR) of India has declined by 10 points, says a special bulletin released by the Registrar-General of India. It has declined from 113 in 2016-18 to 103 in 2017-19, an 8.8% decline. With this persistent decline, India is on the verge of achieving the National Health Policy (NHP) target of 100 per lakh live births by 2020 and certainly on the track to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target of 70 per lakh live births by 2030. . Encouraging achievement has been reported by Uttar Pradesh, which has shown the highest decline of 30 points, Rajasthan (23), Bihar (19), Punjab (15) and Odisha (14).
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