1) The Eastern Economic Forum: Russia hosted the seventh Eastern Economic Forum (EEF) Vladivostok. The forum is a platform for entrepreneurs to expand their businesses into Russia’s Far East (RFE).
- It was established in 2015 to encourage foreign investments in the RFE.
- The EEF displays:Economic potential, Suitable business conditions, Investment opportunities.
- China is the biggest investor in the region as it sees potential in promoting the Belt and Road Initiative and the Polar Sea Route in the RFE.
2) Indo-Pacific Trilateral Development Cooperation Fund: India and France have agreed to work on the establishment of this fund to support India-based innovators and start-ups in taking their innovation to third countries
- Also, India and France have decided to resume cooperation under the India-France-Australia trilateral mechanism and India-France-UAE Trilateral Framework.
3) SCO tourist and cultural capital: The city of Varanasi has been nominated as the first-ever SCO Tourism and Cultural Capital during the period 2022-2023 at the 22nd Meeting of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) Council of Heads of State in Samarkand, Uzbekistan.
- Varanasi is a city on the Ganges river in northern India that has a central place in pilgrimage, death, and mourning in the Hindu world. It is one of the world’s oldest continually inhabited cities.
- It was the place where the Benares Gharana form of Hindustani classical music was developed. In the 20th century the Hindi-Urdu writer Premchandand the shehnai player Bismillah Khan were associated with the city.
- India’s oldest Sanskrit college, the Benares Sanskrit College, was founded during East India Company rule.
4) E-Baal Nidan Portal: The portal for complaint management for violation of child rights, E-Baal Nidan has been revamped by NCPCR (National Commission for protection of Child Rights)
- NCPCR: Set up in March 2007 under the Commission for Protection of Child Rights Act, 2005.
- It works under the administrative control of the Ministry of Women & Child Development.
- Definition: The Child is defined as a person in the 0 to 18 years age group.
5) International Ozone Day: September 16 is celebrated as national ozone day.
- Theme: Montreal Protocal@35 (as 2022 marks the 35th year of implementation of the Montreal Protocol)
- Under the Vienna Convention (1985), Montreal Protocol (1987) was set up with the aim to cut down 99% of all ozone-depleting substances (ODS) by active collaboration between Governments, Scientists and Industry.
- It remains the only treaty to be ratified by all 198 UN Member States. It achieved universal ratification on September 16, 2009. Hence, September 16 is now commonly known as World Ozone Day. After Montreal Protocol, ODS Choloflourocarbon (CFCs) was replaced with Hydroflorurcarbons (HFCs).
- Even though HFCs don’t harm ozone but are extremely potent to cause global warming and therefore under the Kigali amendment (2016), HFCs were replaced as well. India ratified the Kigali amendment in 2021.