National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP): In India, the idea of asset monetisation was first suggested by the Vijay Kelkar committee(2012) on the roadmap for fiscal consolidation. The Central Government announced the National Monetisation Pipeline (NMP) in August, 2021. The project has been developed by NITI Aayog. Objective: To serve as a roadmap for the asset monetisation of several brownfield infrastructure assets across sectors. The NMP targets to raise Rs 6 lakh crore through asset monetisation of the Central Government, over a four-year period, from FY22 to FY25.
Colour Blindness: also known as colour deficiency, is the inability to see colours in the normal way. Colour blind individuals often cannot distinguish between certain colours — usually greens and reds, and sometimes blues as well. Two types of cells in the retina detect light — the “rods”, which distinguish between light and dark, and the “cones” that detect colour. There are three types of cones that see colour — red, green, and blue — and our brains use the information from these cells to perceive colour. Colour blindness can be the result of the absence of one or more of these cone cells, or their failure to work properly. Vitamin A deficiency may also cause color blindness. The Supreme Court has directed the Film and Television Institute of India (FTII) not to exclude candidates suffering from colour blindness from its courses on film making and editing and asked it to make changes to its curriculum instead.
Eco tourism: Ecotourism is a form of tourism involving “responsible travel to natural areas, conserving the environment, and improving the well-being of the local people“. Ecotourism is about uniting conservation, communities, and sustainable travel. This means that those who implement, participate in and market ecotourism activities should adopt the following ecotourism principles: Minimize physical, social, behavioral, and psychological impacts. Build environmental and cultural awareness and respect. Provide positive experiences for both visitors and hosts. Provide direct financial benefits for conservation. Generate financial benefits for both local people and private industry.
Vaquita porpoise: Global population of Vaquita porpoise (porpoise family) declined by 98% in 2 decades. It World’s smallest cetacean and most endangered marine mammal. Known as “panda of the sea” for the distinctive black circles around its eyes. Habitat: Found in Gulf of California in Mexico. IUCN status: Critically endangered. Threat: Gillnet fishing for totoaba, endangered fish threatened by illegal fishing for international markets.
Parakh Unified Laboratory System: A unified mapping of the network of laboratory infrastructure — Parakh — has been created to overcome the fragmented nature of digitised information about testing facilities, he added. Speaking at Udyog Manthan, an industry webinar. The unified laboratory network has been developed by the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade (DPIIT) with the support of ministry of electronics and information technology (Meity) and Bhaskaracharya Institute for Space Application and Geo-informatics (BISAG). To enhance competitiveness of Indian goods and services, building a quality culture is of utmost importance. Access to information about testing laboratories is the first step. The portal makes it possible to search labs for a particular product in a state or a city. It also enables finding the scope of accreditation and test methods of a laboratory. Facility for booking a test online has been developed and is being pilot tested for Textile Committee Laboratories