1) Great Knot: A great knot from Russia, belonging to the endangered Calidris tenuirostris (Horsfield, 1821), has found its way to Kerala’s coast, flying over 9,000 km for a winter sojourn.
- The Great Knot is an international migratory wading bird that travels vast distances between the northern hemisphere breeding grounds and southern hemisphere summer feeding ground. It is a medium-sized shorebird with a straight, slender bill of medium length and a heavily streaked head and neck.
- They breed in eastern Siberia, and when on migration they occur throughout coastal regions of eastern and South East Asia. In Australia, Great Knots inhabit intertidal mudflats and sandflats in sheltered coasts, including bays harbours and estuaries.
- Recently many juvenile great knots have been tagged with MOSKVA rings in the Kamchatka peninsula in eastern Russia.
2) Type 1 Diabetes: It is a chronic medical condition in which the pancreas produces little to no insulin. It was formerly known as insulin-dependent or juvenile diabetes. While it generally appears in children, teens, and young adults, it is known to occur at any age. It is rarer than type 2
- Tzield is a monoclonal antibody injection that is capable of preventing the body’s immune system from mistakenly attacking cells in the pancreas that make insulin.
- People with type 1 diabetes usually require multiple injections of insulin every day for the rest of their lives. Tzield’s ability to delay the clinical diagnosis of type 1 diabetes will reduce the financial burden of the ailment for months to years.
3) Stampede Liquidation: It is the process by which multiple market participants wants to withdraw their deposits at once, or willing to sell a specific asset in panic leading to a severe correction in the price.
- Panicked investors and traders try to withdraw all at once and create a considerable disruption in the already fragile financial system. The term was coined by American economist Irving Fisher. It generally occurs post-economic booms.
4) Transfer Rules of IAS Officers: Rules for the transfer of IAS officers are made by only the Central Government. However, the Central Government before the formation of rules consults with the State Government.
- It is only the Central Government which can transfer the officers from one cadre to another.
- It has to be noted an IAS officer is not permitted to get transfer to his home state.
- Inter cadre transfer shall continue to be permitted for members of All India Service officers on marriage to another member of an All India Service or on grounds of extreme hardship in the rarest of cases.
5) Gandhi Mandela Award: The Tibetan spiritual leader – Dalai Lama (14th), was recently conferred the Gandhi Mandela Award 2022.
- The Gandhi Mandela Foundation – a government of India registered Trust, NGO, has constituted an international prize – the Gandhi Mandela Award, on the 150th birth anniversary (2019) of the Father of the Nation, MK Gandhi.
- The award is given to personalities who have carried forward the legacies of Gandhi and Mandela by making significant contributions in the fields of Peace, Social Welfare, Culture, Environment, Education, Healthcare, Sports and Innovation.