Vagsheer: Vagsheer, the sixth submarine of the P75 project of the Indian Navy was launched recently. It is the last of the Scorpene class submarines made under the P75 project. Under P75, INS Kalvari, INS Khanderi, INS Karanj and INS Vela have been commissioned. Sea trials are on for Vagir. Vagsheer is named after the sand fish, a deep sea predator of the Indian Ocean. The first submarine Vagsheer, from Russia, was commissioned into the Indian Navy on December 26, 1974, and was decommissioned on April 30, 1997.
AYUSH Visa & AYUSH Mark: PM Modi announced that the government is deliberating on launching AYUSH Visas for foreign nationals wanting to visit India to avail AYUSH medical treatment. This announcement was made while addressing the inaugural session of the Global AYUSH Investment and Innovation Summit 2022. The government is planning of set up a digital platform to connect AYUSH manufacturers with farmers across the nation who grows medicinal plants. India will soon launch `AYUSH mark’ which will provide authenticity to AYUSH products made in India. The mark will be given to products vetted using the latest technology.
The RS-28 Sarmat: is reported to be able to carry 10 or more warheads and decoys and has the capability of firing over either of the Earth’s poles with a range of 11,000 to 18,000 km. It is expected to pose a significant challenge to the ground-and-satellite- based radar tracking systems of the western powers particularly the USA. The 10 warheads are having Multiple Independently Targetable capability. The Sarmat will also be the first Russian missile that can carry smaller hypersonic boost-glide vehicles. These are maneuverable and hard to intercept Upgraded electronic countermeasures, guidance systems and alternative warhead carrying capacity. Some reports say that while the height and weight of Sarmat ICBM is the same as in the older one, it has faster speed and higher throw weight. However, the Sarmat is a liquid fuelled missile as compared to US ICBMs, which have moved on to solid fuel systems. The Sarmat is named after nomadic tribes that roamed the steppes of present day Southem Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan in the early medieval period. Sarmatians were highly developed in horsemanship and warfare.
Green Hydrogen: Oil India Limited (OIL) has commissioned India’s first 99.999% pure green hydrogen plant in Jorhat, Assam. Defined as hydrogen produced by splitting water into hydrogen and oxygen using renewable energy such as wind or solar power that does not entail greenhouse gas emissions. Hydrogen gas can be used as a fuel in transportation, power generation, and industrial activities.
Unnat Bharat Abhiyan Scheme: It is a flagship program of the Ministry of Education. It wa. It aims to link the Higher Education Institutions (HEIs) with a set of at least (5) villages, so that these institutions can contribute to the economic and social betterment of these village communities using their knowledge base. It covers two major domains for holistic development of villages – human development and material (economic) development – in an integrated way. The Indian Institute of Technology Delhi (IIT, Delhi) has been designated as the National Coordinating Institute (NCI) for the UBA scheme. Objectives:
- Identify & select existing innovative technologies, enable customisation of technologies, or devise implementation methods for innovative solutions, as required by the people.
- To engage the faculty and students of HEIs in identifying development issues in rural areas and finding sustainable solutions for the same.
- To allow HEIs to contribute to devising systems for smooth implementation of various Government programmes.
UBA 1.0 or UBA Phase-1 (launched in2018) was the Invitation Mode in which Participating Institutions were invited to be a part of UBA. Whereas UBA 2.0 is the Challenge Mode of Unnat Bharat Abhiyan programme where all HEIs are required to willingly adopt at least 5 villages. Currently, UBA 2.0 Mode is going on.