Subhas Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar: The awards are announced on the birth anniversary of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose on 23rd January every year. In addition to a certificate, these awards carry a cash award of Rs. 51 lakhs for an Institution and Rs. 5 lakhs for an Individual. The Institution has to utilize the cash prize for Disaster Management related activities only. Only Indian nationals and Indian institutions can apply for the award. The nominated individual or institution should have worked in any area of disaster management like Prevention, Mitigation, Preparedness, Rescue, Response, Relief, Rehabilitation, Research, Innovation or early warning in India.
Epidemic & Pandemic: Endemic diseases are often confused with epidemics. However, an epidemic refers to an outbreak of a disease. An epidemic occurs when a disease is spreading through one or more populations. In contrast, the endemic disease is one that is constantly present in a group or geographic area. Pandemics are worldwide epidemics. A pandemic affects more people and takes more lives than an epidemic. Under certain circumstances, an epidemic can lead to a disease becoming endemic.
R-Value: The reproduction number or R, an indicator of how quickly a disease is spreading in the population. An R-value of 1, which signifies that every infected person is passing on the infection to at least one person on an average, is a key threshold after which cases begin to rise rapidly.
PM Rashtriya Bal Puraskar: 29 Children have been conferred the Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar this Year, selected from all regions of the country for their exceptional achievements in Innovation (7), Social Service (4), Scholastic (1), Sports (8), Art & Culture (6) and Bravery (3) categories. The award is given by Ministry of Women and Child Development every year to recognize exceptional achievements of our children in various fields i.e., innovation, scholastic achievements, social service, arts & culture, sports and bravery.
China +1 strategy: Companies contemplating diversifying their dependence on China is a strategy known as “China-Plus-One”. Now many MNCs are adding new operations in other developing Asian countries like India, Vietnam, Thailand, Bangladesh and Malaysia, and are welcoming new manufacturing opportunities. The trend of diversifying the supply chain started in 2017 with China following stringent environment norms leading to production cuts during winters followed by changing geo-politics, trade war, and willingness of large companies/MNC to de-risk their supply chain. COVID-19 escalated the adoption of this strategy. Now, this trend looks structural and persistent. This trend is now named as China plus one strategy.