1) BharOS Software: It is an indigenous mobile operating system (OS), like Android or iOS developed by an IIT Madras-incubated company. It is focused on privacy and security.
- It would support Native Over The Air (NOTA) updates as well as No Default Apps (NDA).
- NOTA updates, meaning that security updates and bug fixes will be automatically installed rather than users having to check for updates and implementing them on their own.
- No Default Apps (NDA) setting, means that users do not have to keep or use pre-installed apps in this mobile operating system.
- It will use a system known as Private App Store Services (PASS), which will examine and curate the apps that are safe for the users.
2) Doomsday clock: It is a symbolic timepiece showing how close the world is to ending.
- The hands of the clock are moved closer to or further away from midnight based on the scientists’ reading of existential threats at a particular time.
- Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (non-profit organisation) updates the time annually based on information regarding catastrophic risks to the planet and humanity
- At 90 seconds to midnight, the “Doomsday Clock” is now the closest it has ever been to midnight. It is the first time it has moved since it was set at 100 seconds to midnight in 2020.
- Its setting reflects the revived fears of a nuclear war due to Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.
3) Light Tank Zorawar: It is an indigenously designed and developed Light Tank by DRDO in collaboration with Larsen & Toubro Limited.
- It is designed to operate in varying terrain from high altitude areas to island territories.
- It will be highly transportable for rapid deployment to meet any operational situation.
- It will be equipped with all the modern technologies such as Artificial Intelligence, Drone Integration, a high degree of situational awareness, and amphibious operation capability.
- It will weigh less than 25 tonnes with a high power-to-weight ratio as well as superior firepower and protection.
4) Trans Fat: they are unsaturated fatty acids that come from either natural or industrial sources.
- Naturally-occurring trans-fat comes from ruminants (cows and sheep).
- Industrially-produced trans-fat is formed in an industrial process that adds hydrogen to vegetable oil converting the liquid into a solid, resulting in “partially hydrogenated” oil (PHO). Partially hydrogenated oils (PHO) are solid at room temperature and prolong the shelf life of products.
- World Health Organisation launched a REPLACE campaign in 2018 for global-level elimination of trans-fats in industrially produced edible oils by 2023.
5) Eravikulam National Park: Located in Idukki District, Kerala.
- This is the land of “Neelakurinji”, the flower that blooms once in twelve years.
- The highest peak south of the Himalayas – The Anamudi is situated in this park.
- The major part of the park is covered with rolling grasslands, but several patches of shola forests are also found in the upper part of the valley.
- Half the world population of the endangered Nilgiri Tahr lives here.
- The Atlas moth, the largest of its kind in the world is seen in this Park.