1) Encyclopedia of Tribes in Odisha: Odisha became the first state in the country to start an encyclopedia on tribal communities to document their age-old and unique traditions.
- The purpose of this book is to preserve the rapidly changing cultural identity of tribal communities in the state. It brings together both published and unpublished data regarding the tribes’ ethnography and development over the years, covering their past as well as the present.
2) Global Innovation Index 2022: India rose to 40th among 132 countries in the Global Innovation Index 2022, jumping six places from a year ago, according to the rankings released by the World Intellectual Property Organisation (WIPO).
- Reasons: Improvement in information and communication technologies (ICT) services exports, venture capital recipients’ value as well as finance for start-ups.
- Switzerland, the US, Sweden, the UK and the Netherlands are the world’s most innovative economies, with China on the threshold of the top 10.
3) World’s first CNG terminal: Prime Minister laid the foundation stone for the “world’s first CNG (Compressed Natural Gas) terminal” at Bhavnagar in Gujarat.
- The Bhavnagar port is in close vicinity to the Dholera Special Investment Region (SIR) and is expected to serve the industries that set up base in the region.
- It is already connected to the northern hinterland through a railway line that extends to the existing berths at the port.
- CNG is obtained by compressing NG under high pressure. Reduces its volume.
- >90% is Methane and 3-4% is Ethane. CNG is also very light, so if there is a leak, it will dissipate rapidly into air but LPG will settle on ground. This makes CNG a safer choice over LNG. CNG releases less GHGs.
4) 50 Textiles listed in the UNESCO document: under the title “Handmade for the 21st Century: Safeguarding Traditional Indian Textile”.
- The UNESCO document lists the histories and legends behind the textiles, describes the complicated and secret processes behind their making, mentions the causes for their dwindling popularity, and provides strategies for their preservation.
- From North: Khes from Panipat, Chamba rumals from Himachal Pradesh, Thigma or wool tie and dye from Ladakh and Awadh Jamdani from Varanasi.
- From the south: Ilkal and Lambadi or Banjara embroidery from Karnataka, Sikalnayakanpet Kalamkari from Thanjavur, Toda embroidery and Sungadi from Tamil Nadu and Himroo weaves from Hyderabad.
- Other states: Kunbi weaves from Goa, Mashru weaves and Patola from Gujarat, Himroo from Maharashtra and Garad-Koirial from West Bengal and Bandha tie and dye weaving from Sambalpur in Odisha.
5) Single women get equal abortion rights: In a historic judgment, the Supreme Court allowed unmarried and single women whose pregnancies are between 20 and 24 weeks to access safe and legal abortion care on par with their married counterparts.
Violation of the right to equality before law and equal protection (Article 14): Prohibiting single or unmarried pregnant women while allowing married women with the same term of pregnancy.