Project Himank & Umling La: Project Himank, is a project of the BRO being implemented in the Ladakh region of Jammu & Kashmir. Under this project, BRO is responsible for the construction and maintenance of roads and related infrastructure including the world’s highest motorable roads. Recently, the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) has constructed and completed blacktopping the world’s highest motorable road at Umling La pass in Eastern Ladakh, located at an altitude of 19,300 ft. The strategic road built under ‘Project Himank’ passes through the Umling La Top and connects Chisumle and Demchok villages.
PM Matru Vandana Yojana: PM Matru Vandana Yojana is a maternity benefit program being implemented in all districts of the country. It is a centrally sponsored scheme being executed by the Ministry of Women and Child Development. Cash benefits are provided to pregnant women in their bank account directly to meet enhanced nutritional needs and partially compensate for wage loss. All Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM), excluding those who are in regular employment with the Central Government or the State Governments or PSUs or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being in force.
AUKUS: The UK, US, and Australia have announced a historic security pact in the Asia-Pacific, in what’s seen as an effort to counter China. It is called the AUKUS pact and AUKUS alliance. Under the AUKUS alliance, the three nations have agreed to enhance the development of joint capabilities and technology sharing, foster deeper integration of security and defense-related science, technology, industrial bases and supply chains. Under the first major initiative of AUKUS, Australia would build a fleet of nuclear-powered submarines with the help of the US and the UK, a capability aimed at promoting stability in the Indo-Pacific region.
ODF & ODF+ & ODF++: The original ODF protocol, issued in March 2016, said, “A city/ward is notified as ODF city/ward if, at any point of the day, not a single person is found defecating in the open.”
- A city, ward or work circle could be declared ODF+ if, “at any point of the day, not a single person is found defecating and/or urinating in the open, and all community and public toilets are functional and well-maintained.”
- The ODF++ protocol adds the condition that “fecal sludge/septage and sewage is safely managed and treated, with no discharging and/or dumping of untreated fecal sludge/septage and sewage in drains, water bodies or open areas.”
Malabar Exercise: Malabar Exercise is a multilateral war-gaming naval exercise that was started in 1992. It began as a bilateral exercise between the navies of India and the United States. Japan and Australia first participated in 2007, and since 2014, India, the US, and Japan have participated in the exercise every year. It is aimed to support free, open, and inclusive Indo-Pacific and remains committed to a rules-based international order.
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