1) Mitakshara Law: Recently, Supreme Court ruled that children born out of void or voidable marriages is entitled to parents’ share in a Hindu Undivided Family (HUF) governed by Mitakshara law.
- It is a Hindu law school that governs the succession of property in a HUF.
- It holds that the son, grandson, and grandson’s son have a right to the family property through birth.
- It also recognizes the right of daughters to inherit property, albeit with certain limitations
2) 9 Dash Lines: Malaysia, Vietnam, Thailand and Philippines have rejected the new map of China as it depicts 9 Dash-lines as a Chinese Territory.
- China stakes claim to 90% of the South China Sea, and this claim is based on the U-shaped imaginary nine-dash line etched on map in the 1940s by China.
- It covers various islands including Paracels, Spratlys and many other islands
- Permanent Court of Arbitration of UNCLOS has ruled that China’s claim in the area has no legal basis.
3) Export control of dual-use items: Government aims to enhance export control over dual-use items to prevent their access to non-state actors and terrorists.
- Dual-use items are goods, software and technology that can be used for both civilian and military applications. E.g., chemical and biological tools, etc.
- Currently, export of dual use items in India’s Control List called SCOMET list (Special Chemicals, Organisms, Materials, Equipment, and Technologies) is regulated as per India’s Foreign Trade Policy.
- Export of items in this list is either prohibited or is permitted under an export authorization from various designated licensing authorities notified by Government of India.
4) Rationalization of Coal linkages: Ministry of Coal has initiated a policy initiative called rationalisation of Coal Linkage.
- It aims to reduce the distance in transportation of coal from Coal Mines to consumers, thereby decreasing transportation costs and increasing efficiency in coal-based power generation.
- Through this initiative, Coal PSUs are fostering a more sustainable energy ecosystem.
- So far, four rounds of rationalization of linkage have taken place, covering 73 Thermal Power Plants.
- The move has resulted in rationalising of total 92.16 million tonnes of coal and has saved around Rs 6240 crores to Government.
Places in News:
1) Bhoramdeo Wildlife Sanctuary (BWS): Chhattisgarh HC has dismissed a plea that aimed to designate BWS as a tiger reserve.
- BWS is situated in Kawardha district of Chhattisgarh and shares its border with Kanha National Park in Madhya Pradesh.
- Flora: Sal, Saja, Teinsa, Kara and Haldu species.
- Fauna: Animals like leopard, hyena, fox, bear, cheetal, wild buffalo, nilgai etc.
- Vegetation: Mix of dense forests and open grasslands.
- River Sakari flows through the sanctuary
2) Sukapaika River: The Odisha government has decided to rejuvenate the Sukapaika river.
- It is a distributary of Mahanadi River.
- It branches away from the Mahanadi at Ayatpur and flows for about 40 km before rejoining its parent river.
- Mahanadi originates from Sihawa Mountain in Chhattisgarh.
- Major Distributaries: Birupa, Chitroptala, Genguti and Lun
- Left bank Tributaries: The Seonath, the Hasdeo, the Mand, and the Ib.
- Right bank Tributaries: The Ong, the Tel and the Jonk
3) Libya (Capital: Tripoli)
- Political boundaries
- Location: North Africa.
- Bordered by: Egypt, Sudan, Niger, Chad, Tunisia and Algeria.
- Geographical Features
- Major physical features are: Nafūsah Plateau and the Al-Jifārah (Gefara) Plain, Akhḍar Mountains (Green Mountains), Saharan plateau.
- There are no permanent rivers in Libya. Numerous wadis that drain uplands are filled by flash floods during the rains.
- Highest Point: Bikku Bitti