UNCTAD: The United Nations General Assembly is the parent organization of the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD). Moreover, UNCTAD is a permanent body of the United Nations. It deals with trade issues, investments, and other matters concerning development. United Nations Conference Trade and Development goals are: The development opportunities, investments, and trade of developing countries are to be maximized. The efforts of developing countries to integrate into the world economy on an equitable basis would be assisted by UNCTAD.
Rule of law: means is that all laws apply equally to all citizens of the country and no one can be above the law. Any crime or violation of law has a specific punishment as well as a process through which the guilt of the person has to be established. It also says that no person shall be subject to harsh, uncivilized, or discriminatory treatment even for the sake of maintaining law and order.
Demographic Dividend: According to United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), demographic dividend means, “the economic growth potential that can result from shifts in a population’s age structure, mainly when the share of the working-age population (15 to 64) is larger than the non-working-age share of the population (14 and younger, and 65 and older)”. India has one of the youngest populations in an aging world. By 2020, the median age in India will be just 28, compared to 37 in China and the US, 45 in Western Europe, and 49 in Japan.
Mongolian gull: also known as the Vega gull, East Siberian gull, or East Siberian herring gull (Larus vegae) is a large gull of the herring gull/lesser black-backed gull complex which breeds in Northeast Asia. Its classification is still controversial and uncertain. Chilika Lake, the largest brackish water lake and wintering ground of birds in the Indian subcontinent, saw a million birds, including the uncommon Mongolian gull, visiting the waterbody this year.
POSH Act: The Protection of Women Against Sexual Harassment at Workplace Act, 2013, defines sexual harassment at the workplace and creates a mechanism for redressal of complaints. It also provides safeguards against false or malicious charges. Every employer is required to constitute an Internal Complaints Committee at each office or branch with 10 or more employees. The Complaints Committees have the powers of civil courts for gathering evidence.
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