1) Gait analysis: it is defined as a manner of walking or moving on foot. Gait analysis is a technique in podiatry medical care and the treatment of the foot, which is used to evaluate and diagnose conditions that affect walking and posture.
- For a crime analysis, experts compare the gait of a person seen in CCTV footage from the crime spot with a sample of the suspect’s walk.
- The report of the expert can be used during a trial for corroboration of the identity of a suspect.
2) Tiangong space station: China’s Space Station, it is a multi-module Tiangong station is set to be operational for at least 10 years.
- Tianhe is one of three main components of what would be China’s first self-developed space station, rivalling the only other station in service – the ISS.
- It forms the main living quarters for three crew members in the Chinese space station.
- The Tianhe launch is the first of 11 missions needed to complete the space station, which will orbit Earth at an altitude of 340 to 450 km.
3) Fishing cat: The Chilika Lake has 176 fishing cats, according to a census conducted by Chilika Development Authority (CDA) in collaboration with The Fishing Cat Project (TFCP).
- This is the world’s first population estimation of the fishing cat, which has been conducted outside the protected area network.
- it is nocturnal (active at night) , excellent swimmers and breeds all year round
- Habitat: In India, fishing cats are mainly found in the mangrove forests of the Sundarbans, on the foothills of the Himalayas along the Ganga and Brahmaputra river valleys and in the Western Ghats.
- IUCN Red List: Vulnerable, CITES: Appendix II, Indian Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I
4) e-VTOL: Recently, the Union Minister for Civil Aviation announced that India will see the deployment of electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) aircraft to ensure urban air mobility in the days to come.
- An electric vertical take-off and landing (eVTOL) aircraft is a variety of VTOL (vertical take-off and landing) aircraft that uses electric power to hover, take off, and land vertically instead of conventional fossil fuels.
- This technology came due to major advances in electric propulsion (motors, batteries, fuel cells, electronic controllers) and the growing need for new vehicles for urban air mobility (air taxi).
5) Chilka lake: it is the largest brackish water lake and wintering ground of the birds in the Indian subcontinent.
- Chilika is Asia’s largest and world’s second largest lagoon.
- In 1981, Chilika Lake was designated the first Indian wetland of international importance under the Ramsar Convention.
- Major attraction at Chilika is Irrawaddy dolphins which are often spotted off Satapada Island.
- The large Nalabana Island (Forest of Reeds) covering about 16 sq km in the lagoon area was declared a bird sanctuary in 1987.