1) Language Model: A language model is a software that prints out a sequence of words as output that are related to some words given as input with appropriate semantic relation; in practical terms, it means that it can perform tasks like answering questions and carrying on a conversation with humans. It is often used in natural language processing (NLP) applications, such as speech recognition, automatic translation, and text generation.
- There are a few other language models like: BERT (Bidirectional Encoder Representations from Transformers) from Google.
- ChatGPT is what is called a Language Model, rather than a chat bot. it has been developed by OpenAI, a research institute founded in 2015.
2) Calling Name Presentation (CNAP): The feature would provide an individual with information about the calling party (similar to ‘Truecaller’ and ‘Bharat Caller ID & Anti-Spam’).
- The idea is to ensure that telephone subscribers are able to make an informed choice about incoming calls and curb harassment by unknown or spam callers.
3) eSanjeevani: e-health initiative of the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, it strives to provide an alternative to conventional physical consultation via the digital platform.
- It has garnered the distinction of being the world’s largest government-owned telemedicine platform. It consists of two verticals
- 1st vertical strives to bridge the rural-urban digital health divide by providing assistance to Ayushman Bharat (AB) scheme. 2nd vertical is the eSanjeevani OPD which uses technology via smartphones, tablets and laptops to get doctor consultations in house.
- eSanjeevani is a part of the Ayushman Bharat Digital Health Mission. More than 45000 IDs have been generated via the eSanjeevani application.
4) UN Groundwater Summit 2022: Organised by UN-Water, UNESCO and the International Groundwater Resources Assessment Centre.
- Aim: To raise awareness on groundwater conservation, focus on groundwater management.
- To mark the completion of the “Groundwater: Making the invisible visible” campaign run by UN-Water throughout 2022.
- Main themes of the discussions: The 5 pillars of the SDG 6 Global Acceleration Framework – data and information, capacity development, innovation, finance and governance.
- “Groundwater: Making the invisible visible” campaign: It highlighted the role of groundwater in alleviating poverty, food and water insecurity and socio-economic development hurdles.
- Groundwater is India’s most used water resource, accounting for a quarter of total global groundwater extraction.
- According to the 2021 CAG report, groundwater extraction in India has exceeded the recharge rate, threatening 80% of potable water over the next two decades.
5) Drones: A drone or UAV (Unmanned Aerial Vehicle) is a remotely controlled flying device.
- Drones have been divided into five categories based on their weight (existing rules) –
- Nano: Less than or equal to 250 grams, Micro: From 250 grams to 2kg, Small: From 2 kg to 25kg, Medium: From 25kg to 150kg, Large: Greater than 150kg.
- In India, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) governs the use of all (manned or automated) aerial vehicles.
‘The Drone Rules, 2021’, to regulate the use and operation of Drones or Unmanned Aerial Systems.