Saubhagya scheme: The Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana was launched in 2017 to ensure electrification of all households in the country in rural as well as urban areas. Objectives: Achieving Universal Household Electrification in the country, through last mile connectivity. Providing access to electricity to all un-electrified households in rural areas and poor households in urban areas.
Institutional deficit: refers to the absence of an effective mechanism to ensure compliance. E.g less officials to conduct field visits, short-staffed tribunals, post-factor clearances etc.
Environment Performance Index: EPI is a biennial index prepared by Yale University and Columbia University in collaboration with the World Economic Forum. It offers a scorecard that highlights leaders and laggards in environmental performance and provides practical guidance for countries that aspire to move toward a sustainable future. This index was first published in 2002 designed to supplement the environmental targets set forth in the United Nations Millennium Development Goals. India’s rank is168th and while Denmark, Luxemburg and Switzerland have secured the top 3 spot.
Bru Tribe: Bru or Reang is a community indigenous to Northeast India, living mostly in Tripura, Mizoram and Assam. In Tripura, they are recognised as a Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Group. In Mizoram, they have been targeted by groups that do not consider them indigenous to the state. The Centre, the governments of Mizoram and Tripura and leaders of Bru organisations signed a quadripartite agreement in January (2020). Under the pact, the Home Ministry has committed to incur the whole expenditure of settlement in Tripura.
Satkosia Tiger Reserve: Satkosia Tiger Reserve, Bhubaneswar comprises two adjoining sanctuaries of central Odisha named as Satkosia Gorge Sanctuary and Baisipalli Sanctuary. These two sanctuaries together covering an area of 963.87 sq km were notified as Tiger Reserve in December 2007. The area supports moist deciduous forest, dry deciduous forest and moist peninsular Sal forest. This area is the home for Tiger, Leopard, Elephant, Gaur, Chousingha, Sloth bear, Wild dog, varieties of resident and migratory birds, reptilian species, etc.
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