1) Law Commission: Law Commission of India is a non-statutory body and is constituted by a notification of the Government of India.
- The Charter Act 1833 provided for the establishment of a Law Commission for consolidation and codification of Indian Laws. In 1835, Lord Macaulay became Chairman of the First Law Commission.
- The tenure of Law Commission is for three years. It has no fixed composition, no defined eligibility criteria for its chair and members, and no set functions.
2) Guru Nanak Jayanti: also known as Guru Nanak’s Prakash Utsav and Guru Nanak Dev Ji Gurpurab, celebrates the birth of the first Sikh guru, Guru Nanak.
- it is celebrated on the full moon day of Kartik month, also known as Kartik Poornima.
- His written compositions were included in the Adi Granth compiled by the fifth Sikh Guru Arjan Dev. It is known as Guru Granth Sahib after the additions made by the 10th guru Guru Gobind Singh
- He founded three pillars of Sikhism namely Naam Japna, Kirat Karni, and Vand Chakna.
- He consciously went on long journeys (called uddasian).
3) Protection of Children from Sexual Offences: It is defined as “An Act to protect children, less than 18 years of age, from offences of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and pornography and provide for the establishment of Special Courts for the trial of such offences and matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.”
- It was passed in 2012 under the Ministry of Women and child development.
- The act mandates that investigation in the cases is to be completed in two months (from the date of registration of FIR) and trial in six months.
- The act was amended in 2019 to increase the minimum punishment from seven years to ten years. It further adds that if a person commits penetrative sexual assault on a child below the age of 16 years, he will be punishable with imprisonment between 20 years to life, with a fine.
4) Air Quality Index (AQI): Launched in 2014 with outline ‘One Number – One Color -One Description’ for the common man to judge the air quality within his vicinity.
- The measurement of air quality is based on eight pollutants, namely: Particulate Matter (PM10), Particulate Matter (PM2.5), Nitrogen Dioxide (NO2), Sulphur Dioxide (SO2), Carbon Monoxide (CO), Ozone (O3), Ammonia (NH3), and Lead (Pb).
- AQI has six categories of air quality. These are: Good, Satisfactory, Moderately Polluted, Poor, Very Poor and Severe.
- It has been developed by the CPCB in consultation with IIT-Kanpur and an expert group comprising medical and air-quality professionals.
5) 104th Amendment Act, 2020: Extended the deadline for the reservation of seats for SCs and STs in the Lok Sabha and states assemblies from Seventy years to Eighty. Removed the reserved seats for the Anglo-Indian community in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies.