Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar:It is a civilian honour in India. It is presented in two categories:
Bal Shakti Puraskar– It is awarded to Indian citizens aged under 18 for outstanding achievement ininnovation, sports, scholastic achievements, social service, arts & culture, and bravery.
Bal Kalyan Puraskar– It is presented to individuals or organisations who have made outstanding contributions in child protection, child development, or child welfare.Both the awards were renamed and combined to form “Pradhan Mantri Rashtriya Bal Puraskar”, in 2018. It is administered by Ministry of Women and Child Development. The award is conferred by President of India in the week preceding India’s Republic Day.
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation:SCO is a permanent intergovernmental international organization.It’s a Eurasian political, economic and military organization aiming to maintain peace, security and stability in the region.It was created in 2001.
Prior to the creation of SCO in 2001, Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan were members of the Shanghai Five.
Following the accession of Uzbekistan to the organization in 2001, the Shanghai Five was renamed the SCO.India and Pakistan became members in 2017.On 17th September, 2021, it was announced that Iran would become a full member of the SCO.
Members:Kazakhstan, China, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, India, Pakistan and Iran.
Subhas Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar:The annual Subhas Chandra Bose Aapda Prabandhan Puraskar has been instituted to recognize and honour the invaluable contribution and selfless service rendered by individuals and organisations in India in the field of disaster management.
The award is announced every year on 23rd January.
It carries a cash prize of Rs. 51 lakh and a certificate in case of an institution and Rs. 5 lakh and a certificate in case of an individual.
Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose:Subhas Chandra Bose was born on 23rd January 1897.The day is celebrated as ‘Parakram Diwas’ every year.
He was highly influenced by Vivekananda’s teachings and considered him as his spiritual Guru.His political mentor was Chittaranjan Das.
He worked as the editor for Das’s newspaper–Forward, and later started his own newspaper, Swaraj. Bose won the congress presidential elections at Haripura in 1938.
Again in 1939 at Tripuri, he won the presidential elections against Gandhi’s candidate Pattabhi Sitarammayya. He also founded a new party, ‘the Forward Bloc’.
He reached Japanese-controlled Singapore from Germany in July 1943, issued from there his famous call, ‘Delhi Chalo’, and announced the formation of the Azad Hind Government and the Indian National Army on 21st October 1943.
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