TROPEX 2023:The 2023 edition of Indian Navy’s major maritime exercise TROPEX(Theatre Level Operational Readiness Exercise) is currently underway in the Indian Ocean Region. This operational level exercise is conducted biennially and witnesses participation not only by all Indian Navy units but also of Indian Army, Indian Air Force and Coast Guard assets.
TROPEX 23 is being conducted over a duration of three months.The exercise is being conducted in different phases, both in harbour and at sea, encompassing various facets of combat operations, including live weapon firings.The maritime exercise also facilitates operational level interaction with the Indian Army, Indian Air Force and the Coast Guard, which will further strengthen interoperability and joint operations in a complex environment.
Exercise AMPHEX 2023: All three defense forces of India, the Army, the Navy, and the Air Force participated in AMPHEX recently. AMPHEX is a tri-service exercise and was held in Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh. Also, it is an amphibious exercise, meaning both land and sea forces will act together simultaneously. The 2023 AMPHEX is the largest of all the AMPHEX exercises held so far.
Amphibious ships do not mean they can run on land and water. Amphibious ships are those ships that aid the land forces during an operation. More than 900 troops participated in the exercise. This included artillery forces, special forces, and armored vehicles.
Central Pollution Control Board: CPCB is a statutory organisation which was constituted in September, 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.It was entrusted with the powers and functions under the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.It serves as a field formation and also provides technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests of the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
Principal Functions of the CPCB, as spelt out in the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974, and the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981
- to promote cleanliness of streams and wells in different areas of the States by prevention, control and abatement of water pollution.
- to improve the quality of air and to prevent, control or abate air pollution in the country.
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS): It is a multifactorial endocrine disorder which is characterized by chronic anovulation.Polycystic ovary syndrome is a disorder involving infrequent, irregular or prolonged menstrual periods, and often excess male hormone (androgen) levels.
PCOD is a condition in which the female’s ovaries are affected. It has been found that over 10% of the female population is currently dealing with PCOD.
It will have a condition in which woman’s ovaries will start to produce underdeveloped eggs.Irregular periods, hirsutism, weight gain are the common symptoms of PCOS. It is the pre-eminent cause of infertility. Risk factors that contribute to the development of PCOS include genetics, neuroendocrine system, sedentary lifestyle, diet, and obesity. Though there are synthetic drugs such as metformin and oral contraceptive pills are available for treatment, their side effects cause concern. Hence, a traditional and herbal medicines has been gaining attention increasingly.