- Non-Alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD): NAFLD is the term for a range of conditions caused by a buildup of fat in the liver. This buildup of fat is not caused by heavy alcohol use. When heavy alcohol use causes fat to build up in the liver, this condition is called alcohol-associated liver disease. Two types of NAFLD are nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH).NAFL is a form of NAFLD in which you have fat in your liver but little or no inflammation or liver damage. However, NAFL can cause pain from enlargement of the liver. NASH is the form of NAFLD in which you have inflammation of the liver and liver damage, in addition to fat in your liver. The inflammation and liver damage of NASH can cause fibrosis, or scarring, of the liver. NASH may lead to cirrhosis, in which the liver is scarred and permanently damaged. Cirrhosis can lead to liver cancer. NAFLD can affect people of any age, including children. There’s currently no specific medication for NAFLD. Doctors recommend weight loss to treat NAFLD. Weight loss can reduce fat, inflammation, and fibrosis in the liver. Treatment may also be recommended for associated conditions (high blood pressure, diabetes, and cholesterol) or complications.
- Very Short-Range Air Defence (VSHORAD) missile system: It is a Man Portable Air Defence System (MANPAD) specially designed to counter low-altitude aerial threats over short distances. These are short-range, lightweight, and portable surface-to-air missiles that can be fired by individuals or small groups. It has been designed and developed indigenously by DRDO’s Research Centre Imarat (RCI), Hyderabad, in collaboration with other DRDO laboratories and Indian industry partners. The use of VSHORAD missiles in India is primarily by the Indian Army. The missile incorporates many novel technologies, including a Dual-band IIR Seeker, a miniaturised Reaction Control System, and integrated avionics. It is propelled by a dual-thrust solid motor.
- National Investment and Infrastructure Fund: It is an investor-owned fund manager, anchored by the Government of India (GoI) in collaboration with leading global and domestic institutional investors. It is India’s first-ever sovereign wealth fund (SWF) which was set up in the year 2015. It is an institution for enhancing infrastructure financing by investing in greenfield (new), brownfield (existing) and stalled projects. The primary goal of setting up NIIF was to optimise the economic impact largely through investing ininfrastructure-related projects.
Types of NIIF Funds:
- Master Fund: This fund primarily invests in infra-related projects such as roads, ports, airports, and power. Also, the master fund invests in well-established enterprises that are into a long-term agreement and are operating in a regulated environment with a good history.
- Fund of Funds: It looks to invest in funds managed by the renowned fund managers having an excellent track record. The fund of funds invests as anchor investors, and this enables the fund managers to accumulate more funds from the institutional investors
- Strategic Fund: This fund is registered as an Alternative Fund II under the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) in India. Strategic funds invest primarily in equity and equity- linked instruments.
The funds are registered as Alternative Investment Fund (AIF) with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).