- Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR): LFPR is defined as the percentage of persons in labour force (working or seeking or available for work) in the population. And, the female LFPR (FLFPR) is the percentage of working-age women currently employed or seeking employment
- The Periodic Labour Force Survey (PLFS) Data for Women: The PLFS data indicates that for women in the working age group (15-59 years), LFPR is only 35.6 per cent in Indian 2021-22.The participation rate stands at 39.3 per cent and 26.5 per cent, respectively, in rural and urban areas. However, from 2017 to 2021, women’s LFPR increased relative to men, particularly in rural areas.
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj: He was the founder of the Maratha Empire in western India. He was born on February 19, 1630,to Shahaji Bhosle and Jijabai in the fort of Shivneri, near the city of Junnar in the Pune district, Maharashtra. With his valor and great administrative skills, Shivaji carved out an enclave from the declining Adilshahi sultanate of Bijapur. It eventually became the genesis of the Maratha Empire. After establishing his rule, Shivaji implemented a competent and progressive administration with the help of a disciplined military and a well-established administrative set-up. He was known as the Father of the Indian Navy. Shivaji was the first to realise the importance of having a naval force, and therefore he strategically established a navy and forts at the coastline to defend the Konkan side of Maharashtra. He was called the ‘Mountain Rat’ and was widely known for his guerrilla warfare He was called so because of his awareness of geography of his land and guerrilla tactics like raiding, ambushing, and surprise attacks on his enemies. He was a secular ruler who was very accommodating of all religions. He had numerous Muslim soldiers in his army. Shivaji was a dependable supporter of women and their honour. Anyone under his rule caught violating woman’s rights was severely punished. He had a council of ministers (Asht Pradhan) to advise him on the matters of the state, but he was not bound by it.
- Burevestnik Missile: The Burevestnik, whose name translates as “storm petrel”, is a ground-launched, low-flying cruise missile that is not only capable of carrying a nuclear warhead but is also nuclear-powered. The Burevestnik is one of six strategic weapons that the Russian President introduced in a 2018 speech. It is code-named ‘SSC-X-9 Skyfall’ by NATO. In theory, the nuclear energy could let it fly around the world several times before hitting its target.
It is powered by a small nuclear reactor, which heats up air to propel the missile forward.
Its nuclear propulsion gives the missile much longer range than traditional turbojet or turbofan engines that are limited by how much fuel they can carry.It has a range of up to 14,000 miles (22000 km).The missile is also designed to fly at low altitudes, much lower than a conventionally powered cruise missile, which would make it harder for air-defence radar to detect.
- Chungthang Dam: Chungthang Dam, also known as the Chungthang Hydroelectric Project, is a dam and hydroelectric power station located in Chungthang, a town in Sikkim. It is an integral part of the 1200 MW mega Teesta Stage III Hydro Electric Project, a major source of electricity for Sikkim and West Bengal. It is a run-of-the-river hydroelectric project, which was commissioned in 2017. The dam had a gross height of 817 metres and a net head of 778 metres, which was used for power generation.