1) LiFE-Lifestyle for Environment Movement: The idea of LiFE promotes an environment-conscious lifestyle that focuses on ‘mindful and deliberate utilisation’ instead of ‘mindless and destructive consumption.
- The LiFE Movement is a global initiative which was proposed by the Prime Minister of India at COP26, he UN’s climate summit in Glasgow.
- The vision of LiFE is to live a lifestyle that is in tune with our planet and does not harm it. Those who live such a lifestyle are called “Pro-Planet People”.
- Mission LiFE borrows from the past, operates in the present and focuses on the future.
2) Langya virus: The newly discovered virus in China, is a “phylogenetically distinct Henipavirus”
- The study shows that Langya’s genome organization is “identical to that of other Henipaviruses”, and that it is closely related to the “Mojiang Henipavirus.
- In all likelihood, the new virus has jumped from an animal to humans. The LayV virus RNA has been predominantly found in shrews, which may be its natural hosts
- So far, there is no vaccine or treatment for the Langya virus.
- Henipaviruses are classified as biosafety level 4 (BSL4) pathogens. They can cause severe illness in animals and humans
3) Corbevax: It is India’s indigenous protein based Covid-19 vaccine
- It is a “recombinant protein sub-unit” vaccine.
- It means it is made up of a specific part of SARS-CoV-2 – the spike protein on the virus’s surface which allows the virus to enter the cells in the body so that it can replicate and cause disease.
- However, when this protein alone is given to the body, it is not expected to be harmful as the rest of the virus is absent.
- The Union government on Wednesday approved it as a precaution dose against COVID-19 for those above 18 who are fully vaccinated with either Covishield or Covaxin.
4) G20: The G20 is an informal group of 19 countries and the European Union, with representatives of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank.
- The G20 membership comprises a mix of the world’s largest advanced and emerging economies, representing about two-thirds of the world’s population, 85% of global gross domestic product, 80% of global investment and over 75% of global trade.
- The group has no permanent staff of its own, so every year in December, a G20 country from a rotating region takes on the presidency. That country is then responsible for organising the next summit, as well as smaller meetings for the coming year.
- They can also choose to invite non-member countries along as guests.
5) Vasculitis: Vasculitis is a general term for several conditions that cause inflammation of blood vessels. It is also called angiitis (“inflammation within blood vessels”) or arteritis (“inflammation in arteries”).
- It is an auto-immune disease in which the body’s immune system turns on healthy blood vessels, causing them to swell up, narrow down, stretched, or weak. The blood vessels might close entirely. The trigger for vasculitis may be an infection or a drug or blood cancers or immune system diseases, although the precise reason is often uncertain or unknown.