1) Section 6A of the Citizenship Act, 1955: Entered due to Assam Accord. It created a special provision for Assam by which persons who entered between January 1, 1966, and March 25, 1971, and who are residing in the state, upon being detected foreigners, will be allowed to register
-Upon registration, such a person will have the same rights and obligations as a citizen of India, but will not be entitled to be included in any electoral roll for a period of 10 years.
-Foreigners who had entered Assam before January 1, 1966, and been “ordinarily resident” in the State, would have the rights and obligations of Indian citizens including the right to vote.
2) Horizontal Reservation: It refers to the equal opportunity provided to other categories of beneficiaries such as women, veterans, the transgender community, and individuals with disabilities, cutting through the vertical categories.
-For example, if women have 50 per cent horizontal quota, then half of the selected candidates will have to necessarily be women in each vertical quota category-i.e., half of all selected SC candidates will have to be women, half of the unreserved or general category will have to be women, and so on.
While a vertical reservation applies separately for each of the groups specified under the law, the horizontal quota is always applied separately to each vertical category, and not across the board.
– Uttarakhand Public Services (Horizontal Reservation for Women) Bill 2022, provides women with 30 per cent horizontal reservation in public services and posts.
3) Delegated Legislation: Parliament routinely delegates certain functions to authorities established by law since every aspect cannot be dealt with directly by the law makers themselves.
-This delegation of powers is noted in statutes, which are commonly referred to as delegated legislations
-The delegated legislation would specify operational details, giving power to those executing the details
-Classic examples of delegated legislation are regulations and by-laws under legislation.
4) Tamizhakam: Tamilkam, refers to the deep south- the land situated south of Krishna river and divided into 3 kingdoms: Chera, Chola and Pandya. This includes the territories under today’s Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Lakshadweep, Pondicherry, South Andhra Pradesh, parts of southern Karnataka and Maldives.
5) Blackbuck: The Indian Antelope, is found only on the Indian subcontinent (native to Nepal and India). It is considered as the epitome of grassland. It is a diurnal antelope (active during the day).
-It is State Animal of Punjab, Haryana, and Andhra Pradesh.
-It is a symbol of purity for Hinduism as its skin and horns are regarded as sacred objects. For Buddhism, it is a symbol of good luck.
-WPA 1972: Schedule 1, IUCN Status: Least Concern, CITES: Appendix III
– Data has shown an increasing trend in blackbuck population numbers. The animals are seen in 3 clusters across India- Northern, Southern and Eastern regions.
-The horns of the blackbuck are ringed with one to four spiral turns and the female is usually hornless