Opec+: The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) is a permanent, intergovernmental organization, created at the Baghdad Conference in 1960, by Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela and aims to manage the supply of oil in an effort to set the price of oil in the world market, in order to avoid fluctuations that might affect the economies of both producing and purchasing countries.OPEC membership is open to any country that is a substantial exporter of oil.
Mekedatu Project: Mekedatu is a multipurpose (drinking and power) project. It involves building a balancing reservoir, near Kanakapura in Ramanagara district in Karnataka. This project is proposed with an aim to conserve water, prevent energy shortage and provide drinking water facilities to Bangalore cities and surrounding areas in the Cauvery basin.
Grey water: It refers to wastewater from non-toilet systems, i.e wastewater from kitchen sinks, dishwashers, baths, showers, etc. It is discharged into a pond-based wastewater treatment system through a network of storm water drains. It contains detergents that have nitrogen or phosphorus, which are plant nutrients.
API: Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients are known as bulk drugs. An active ingredient is the ingredient in a pharmaceutical drug or pesticide that is biologically active. It is that part of the medicine that produces the intended therapeutic effects.For example, in a painkiller, the active ingredient relieves pain. In the OTC drug Crocin, the API is paracetamol.
CPEC: China–Pakistan Economic Corridor is a collection of infrastructure projects, which are under construction throughout Pakistan.It is a 3,000-km long route of infrastructure projects, to connect China’s northwest Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region to Gwadar Port in western province of Balochistan in Pakistan. India is protesting against CPEC, because it is being laid through Pakistan-occupied Kashmir (PoK).