1) President’s Colour Award: Union Home Minister will present the President’s Colour Award to the state police at a ceremony at the Haryana Police Academy. It is one of the highest honour that can be awarded to any military unit, military training establishments, and state/UT Police Forces of India.
- It is bestowed upon in recognition of exceptional service rendered to the Nation, both in peace and in war. It is also known as “Rashtrapati ka Nishaan” in Hindi.
- Indian Navy was the first Indian Armed Force to be awarded the President’s Colour by Dr. Rajendra Prasad on 27 May 1951.
- During any ceremonial parade, the President’s Colour is kept at a special position.
2) BIMARU States: The BIMARU states are four northern Indian states: Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, and Uttar Pradesh. At times Odisha is also included in the grouping, as BIMAROU.
- Coined by Ashish Bose in the mid-1980, it has a resemblance to a Hindi word “Bimar” which means sick. It implies that they have lagged in terms of economic growth, healthcare and education. When this term was coined, the States of Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh and Uttarakhand were not separate States and were part of the grouping.
3) Aero India 2023: It is a biennial air show and aviation exhibition held in Bengaluru, India and is organised by the Defence Exhibition Organisation, Ministry of Defence, since 1996.
- The Aero India is the largest air show in Asia. Theme: ‘‘The runway to a billion opportunities”
- The focus will be on showcasing indigenous equipment/technologies and forging partnerships with foreign companies, in line with ‘Make in India, Make for the World’ vision
- The Bandhan ceremony: witnesses signing of MoUs/Agreements, Transfer of Technologies, Product Launches. The annual defence innovation event, Manthan, will be the flagship technology showcase event.
4) Procedure of transfer of HC judge: Article 222 of the Constitution makes provision for the transfer of a Judge (including Chief Justice) from one High Court to any other High Court.
- The initiation of the proposal for the transfer of a Judge should be made by the CJI
- CJI is expected to take into account the views of the Chief Justice of the High Court from which the Judge is to be transferred and Chief Justice of the High Court to which the transfer is to be affected. The views of one or more Supreme Court Judges who are in a position to offer his/their views are also taken into account.
- In the case of transfer of a Chief Justice, only the views of one or more knowledgeable Supreme Court Judges need to be taken into account.
- The views on the proposed transfer should be expressed in writing and should be considered by the CJI and the four senior most Judges of the Supreme Court.
- The proposal once referred to the Government, the Union Minister of Law, Justice and Company Affairs would submit a recommendation to the Prime Minister who will then advise the President as to the transfer of the Judge concerned.
5) Bhasha daan initiative: It is an ambitious project which aims to crowdsource voice datasets in multiple Indian languages. On the project’s website, people can contribute in three key ways: by recording their voice samples in multiple Indian languages by reading out a piece of text, typing out a sentence being played, and translating text in one language into another.
It will help in developing the language model of Bhashini.