1) Hue And Cry Notice: It simply means that if a suspect/ criminal is found running down the street in front of some bystanders, each of them needs to yell out to help the police identify and catch them.
- Police issues a ‘hue and cry notice’ when it requires help of public in cases such as locating missing persons, identifying unclaimed bodies, looking out for a suspect among others.
- The ‘Statute of Winchester’ signed by King Edward I in 1285 mandated that anyone who witnessed a crime not only had to report it but take up a cry to alert the police.
2) Gamosa: It is generally a white rectangular piece of cloth with primarily a red border on two sides and red woven motifs on the other two sides. Although the cotton yarn is the most common material for making/weaving gamosas, there are special occasion ones made from Pat silk.
- It is a symbol of the culture and identity of Assam and had received the GI tag in 2022. It also has a special relationship with the Vaishnavite culture in Assam. The axon, the main place of worship, is considered incomplete without one. So, there’s a lot of emotion attached to it.
3) Govt to ease rules on construction around protected monuments: Currently, construction up to 100 metres around protected monuments is prohibited, while an area up to 200 metres beyond the prohibited area is regulated, under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological sites and Remains (AMASR) Act, and has stringent rules in terms of construction-related permit.
- No construction work or related activity is generally permitted in prohibited and regulated areas around all 3,696 protected monuments across the country, unless a specific approval is taken from the National Monuments Authority (NMA).
4) Bali Peace Clause: India’s MSP programme is under scrutiny (for the 3rd time) as it is the first country to invoke the Bali ‘peace clause’ to justify exceeding its 10% ceiling (of the total value of rice production) for rice support in 2018-2019 and 2019-2020.
- It was adopted at WTO’s Bali Ministerial Conference (2013) unless a permanent solution was found for the food security concerns of the developing countries.
- The ‘peace clause’ said that no country would be legally barred from food security programmes even if the subsidy breached the limits specified in the WTO agreement on agriculture. While the ‘peace clause’ allows developing countries to breach the 10% ceiling without invoking legal action by members, it is subject to numerous conditions such as not distorting global trade and not affecting food security of other members.
- The G33 (or the Friends of Special Products in agriculture) including India is a coalition of developing and least developed countries. The G33 has been advocating a permanent solution at WTO to address their food security concerns.
5) Comprehensive and Progressive Agreement for Trans-Pacific Partnership (CPTPP):
- UK will become the first new member, and the first in Europe, to join the CPTPP since it came into force in 2018.
- It is a free trade agreement (FTA) between 11 nations: Australia, Brunei, Canada, Chile, Japan, Malaysia, Mexico, New Zealand, Peru, Singapore and Vietnam.
- It was signed in March 2018.
- It succeeded the Trans-Pacific Partnership (TPP) after the United States withdrew from the TPP in 2017.
- All 11 countries of CPTPP are members of the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC).