1) NAFIS – National Automated Fingerprint Identification System: It was developed by the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) at the Central Fingerprint Bureau (CFPB).
- A unique 10-digit National Fingerprint Number (NFN) will be assigned to each person arrested for a crime.
- It will be used for his lifetime. Different crimes registered under different FIRs will be linked to the same NFN.
- The unique identifier is also available for CCTNS (Crime and Criminal Tracking Network & Systems) database as both are connected at the backend.
2) Forever Chemicals: According to a recent study, scientists have found that rainwater from many places across the globe is contaminated with Per- and Polyfluoroalkyl Substances (PFAs).
- Further, they are called Forever chemicals because of their tendency to stick around in the atmosphere, rainwater, and soil for long periods of time.
- PFAs are also listed in the Stockholm Convention.
- They are man-made chemicals used to make nonstick cookware, water-repellent clothing, stain-resistant fabrics, cosmetics, firefighting forms, and many other products that resist grease, water, and oil.
- They can migrate to the soil, water, and air during their production and use.
3) Grameen Udyami Project (GUP): It is a unique multiskilling project, funded by National Skill Development Council that aims to train tribal students.
- Implementation: Six states: – Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh, Jharkhand, and Gujarat. It is implemented under Sansadiya Parisankul Yojana.
4) Account Aggregator (AA) Framework System: SEBI has recently joined RBI’s AA Framework.
- AA framework allows a consolidated dashboard of all bank accounts of the user in one place, thus allowing sharing of information and credentials from one financial institution to other.
- The framework will allow customers to share information about their mutual fund and stock holdings with financial service providers. It will also help prevent fraud in loans and credits.
- AA: It is an RBI-regulated non-banking finance company (NBFC) that facilitates the collection of financial information pertaining to a customer from financial information providers on the basis of the consent of the customer.
5) Gene Modification in Rice: In recent studies, it has been found that, adding a second copy of one of its own genes has boosted the yield of a Chinese rice variety by up to 40%
- When the second copy of a single gene (called OsDREB1C) is added to rice, it improves photosynthesis and nitrogen use, speeds up flowering and absorbs nitrogen more efficiently — offering larger and more abundant grains.
- Gene modulation refers to the process of temporarily altering gene expression levels without making heritable changes to the underlying cellular DNA.