1) Keibul Lamjao National Park: it is a national park in the Bishnupur district of the state of Manipur in India.
- It is the only floating park in the world and an integral part of Loktak Lake.
- The national park is characterized by many floating decomposed plant materials locally called phumdis.
- To preserve the natural refuge of the endangered Manipur Eld’s deer or brow-antlered deer or sangai also called the dancing deer, listed as an endangered species by IUCN, the park which was initially declared to be a sanctuary in was subsequently declared to be a national park.
2) The Group of Seven (G-7): it is an informal bloc of industrialized democracies—France, Germany, Italy, the United Kingdom, Japan, the United States, and Canada—that meets annually to discuss issues of common interest like global economic governance, international security and energy policy.
- There are no formal criteria for membership, but participants are all highly developed democracies. The aggregate GDP of G-7 member states make up nearly 50% of the global economy and 10% of the world’s population.
- Summits are held annually and hosted on a rotation basis by the group’s members. The host country not only holds the G7 presidency but also sets the agenda for the year.
- The 2022 summit is being hosted by Germany.
3) Azooxanthellate corals: Scientists have recorded four species of azooxanthellate corals for the first time from Indian waters.
- These new corals were found from the waters of Andaman and Nicobar Islands
- Azooxanthellate corals are a group of corals that do not contain zooxanthellae and derive nourishment not from the sun but from capturing different forms of plankton.
- These groups of corals are deep-sea representatives, with the majority of species reporting from between 200 m to 1000 m. Their occurrences are also reported from shallow coastal waters.
4) Banks Board Bureau (BBB): Banks Board Bureau (BBB) is an autonomous body to Promote excellence in Corporate Governance in Public Sector Financial Institutions.
- The BBB works as step towards governance reforms in Public Sector Banks (PSBs) as recommended by J. Nayak Committee.
- It was formed in 2016 to select executive directors, and managing directors and chief executives of state-run banks.
5) Typhoid: Typhoid is a bacterial disease caused by the Salmonella Typhi.
- MDR Typhoid – Typhoid strains were classified as Multi-Drug-Resistant (MDR), when they are resistant to 3 first-line antibiotics used to treat typhoid – chloramphenicol, ampicillin, and cotrimoxazole.
- XDR typhoid strains are resistant to five classes of antibiotics -chloramphenicol, ampicillin, cotrimoxazole, streptomycin, fluoroquinolones, and third-generation cephalosporins.
- This leaves only one oral antibiotic remaining, azithromycin, that is effective in treating XDR typhoid patients.