Central Asian Countries:
Lokayukta: is an anti-corruption authority or ombudsman – an official appointed by the government to represent the interests of the public. Most importantly, it investigates allegations of corruption and mal-administration against public servants and is tasked with speedy redressal of public grievances.
Cold Wave: rapid fall in temperature within 24 hours to a level requiring substantially increased protection to agriculture, industry, commerce, and social activities. For the plains, a cold wave is declared when the minimum temperature is 10 degrees Celsius or below and is 4.5 degrees Celsius (C) less than normal for two consecutive days. For coastal stations, the threshold value of minimum temperature of 10 degree Celsius is rarely reached.
Bioremediation: can be defined as the methodology to remove or neutralizes waste and toxic substances in the environment with the help of microorganism and plants. In other words, it is the process to detoxify the pollution from the environment with the help of microorganisms, plants, or microbial or plant enzymes.
Serology: Serology tests are blood-based tests that can be used to identify whether people have been exposed to a particular pathogen by looking at their immune response. It measures the amount of antibodies or proteins present in the blood when the body is responding to a specific infection. These tests can also give greater detail into the prevalence of a disease in a population by identifying individuals who have developed antibodies to the virus.
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