1) Turing Test: it is a method of inquiry in artificial intelligence (AI) for determining whether or not a computer is capable of thinking like a human being.
- This test is named after Alan Turing (1912-1954), an English computer scientist.
- He described it calling the ‘imitation game’. If an wvaluator is unable to distinguish between machine and human behaviour then it is believed that the machine (AI) has passed the Turing Test.
2) Liquid nano urea: It is essentially urea in the form of a nanoparticle.
- Urea is a chemical nitrogen fertiliser, white in colour, which artificially provides nitrogen, a major nutrient required by plants.
- It is developed to replace conventional urea and it can curtail the requirement of the same by at least 50%.
3) Central Identities Data Repository (CIDR): This centralised database contains all Aadhaar numbers and holder’s corresponding demographic and biometric information.
- UIDAI responds to authentication queries with a ‘Yes’ or ‘No’.
- In some cases, basic KYC details (as name, address, photograph etc.) accompany the verification answer ‘Yes’.
- The regulator does not receive or collect the holder’s bank, investment or insurance details.
4) Haldibari-Chilahati rail link: The Haldibari-Chilahati rail link between India and the then East Pakistan i.e. Bangladesh, was operational till 1965 and stopped due to the war.
- In 2021, the two sides started regular movement of freight trains between the newly-restored link between Haldibari in India and Chilahati in Bangladesh.
- This was part of the broad gauge main route from Kolkata to Siliguri at the time of Partition
5) Rajamala Eravikulam National Park: Rajamala hills houses the Eravikulam National Park.
- The Eravikulam National Park is situated in the Kannan Devan Hills of the southern Western Ghats with an area of 97 sq. km.
- The Eravikulam National Park has the highest density and largest surviving population of Nilgiri tahr, the endangered mountain goat.
- Every twelve years, this place will be carpeted with blue due to the mass flowering of Neelakurinji flowers.