1) Indus Waters Treaty: it is a water-distribution treaty between India and Pakistan, brokered by the World Bank signed in Karachi in 1960.
- According to this agreement, control over the water flowing in three “eastern” rivers of India — the Beas, the Ravi and the Sutlej was given to India
- The control over the water flowing in three “western” rivers of India — the Indus, the Chenab and the Jhelum was given to Pakistan.
- The treaty allowed India to use western rivers water for limited irrigation use and unrestricted use for power generation, domestic industrial and non-consumptive uses
2) Unicorn Startup: Unicorns are privately held, venture-capital-backed startups that have reached a value of $1 billion.
- The valuation of unicorns is not expressly linked to their current financial performance.
- This is largely based on their growth potential as perceived by investors and venture capitalists who have taken part in various funding rounds.
- Maximum number is unicorns are present in USA followed by China and India.
3) Param Ananta: it is a supercomputer capable of offering peak performance of 838 teraflops.
- It is a joint initiative of Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and Department of Science and Technology (DST).
- This facility is established under Phase 2 of the National Supercomputing Mission (NSM).
- Param Ananta system is based on Direct Contact Liquid Cooling technology to obtain a high power usage effectiveness and thereby reducing the operational cost.
4) Asteroids: are also called the inner solar system are minor planets which are neither categorised as a planet or a comet.
- They are majorly present in the asteroid belt between Mars and Jupiter.
- They are classified into 3 groups based on their chemical component:
- C-type: They are most common and comprise 75% of the total asteroid family. It consists of mainly carbonaceous asteroids and is extremely dark.
- S-type: They are made of iron and magnesium silicates and are moderately bright. They are seen in the inner asteroid belt.
- M-type: They are formed of nickel and iron in its purest form and are categorised as M-type. They are relatively brighter.
5) Community Forest: The community forest resource area is the common forest land that has been traditionally protected and conserved for sustainable use by a particular community.
- Each CFR area has a customary boundary with identifiable landmarks recognised by the community and its neighboring villages.
- The CFR rights are acknowledged under the Section 3(1) (i) of the Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act.
- This is commonly referred to as the Forest Rights Act or the FRA