Sunrise Sector: Sunrise industry is a term used for a sector that is just in its infancy but shows promise of a rapid boom. Rapid emergence of this sector may threaten traditional industry sector because of its dim long-term prospects. In Indian scenario Artificial Intelligence, Semiconductor, drones, geospatial systems, genomics, pharmaceuticals, space techs, clean technologies can be termed as Sunrise industry. Acknowledging the immense potential of sunrise sectors the Union Budget 2022-23 presented has stated that supportive policies for this sector.
Operation Ganga: It is an evacuation mission to bring back all the Indian nationals who are currently stranded in Ukraine. There were around 20,000 Indians including students stuck in Ukraine. A dedicated Twitter handle ‘OpGanga Helpline’ to assist Indian evacuation from Ukraine has also been announced. The Indian evacuation flights are operating from neighboring countries (of Ukraine) like Romania and Hungary.
C17: The Boeing C-17 Globemaster is a large military transport aircraft. It was developed for the United States Air Force (USAF). The C-17 commonly performs tactical and strategic airlift missions, transporting troops and cargo throughout the world. It can also perform medical evacuation and airdrop duties. C17 aircraft of Indian Air Force are also part of Operation Ganga.
GRAM Report: Global Research on Antimicrobial Resistance (GRAM) report, 1.27 million people died in 2019 as a direct result of AMR (AntiMicrobial Resistance). The death due to AMR is now a leading cause of death worldwide, higher than HIV/AIDS or malaria. Antimicrobial resistance is the resistance acquired by any microorganism (bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasite, etc.) against antimicrobial drugs (such as antibiotics, antifungals, antivirals, antimalarials, and anthelmintics) that are used to treat infections. As a result, standard treatments become ineffective, infections persist and may spread to others.
Intercontinental Ballistic Missile: Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) is a land-based, nuclear-armed ballistic missile with a range of more than 5,600 km. ICBM-capable nations include the US, erstwhile Soviet Union, China, France, Israel, North Korea and the UK. Longer-ranged intercontinental ballistic missiles (ICBMs), are launched on a sub-orbital flight trajectory and spend most of their flight out of the atmosphere. India has AGNI-V (uses a 3-stage solid fuelled engine) in its arsenal which has a range of 5000km. AGNI-VI is under development stage and speculative range of the missile is 8000km.
Water Plus City: The Water Plus certificate is awarded to cities that have met all the ODF++ (ODF-Open Defection Free) standards. Also, the residual sewage from residential and commercial establishments is released into the environment only after treatment. Reuse of treated wastewater should also be ensured. In order to go to the micro level in the Swachh Bharat Abhiyan, the Ministry has included Water Plus with cleanliness. Its main objective is to clean the water bodies, rivers and ponds in the cities, so that only clean and rainwater flows in the rivers and streams and sewerage water can be reused. Indore has been declared as the country’s first ‘water plus.
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