START Treaty- (Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty) was a bilateral treaty between the United States and the Soviet Union on the reduction and the limitation of strategic offensive arms. The treaty was signed on 31 July 1991 between the US President, George Bush and General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev for the mutual elimination of the two countries’ strategic nuclear weapons and entered into force on 5 December 1994.
Budapest Agreement-The Budapest Treaty on the International Recognition of the Deposit of Microorganisms for the Purpose of Patent Procedure, signed on April 28, 1977, was amended on September 26, 1980. The Budapest Treaty eliminates the need to deposit microorganisms in each country where patent protection is sought.
Project P75- Project 75 is a programme by the Indian Navy that envisaged building six Scorpene-Class attack submarines. Project 75 intends to build six diesel-electric attack submarines of the Kalvari class that is based on the Scorpene-class, which are being built at MDL (Mazagon Dock Limited).Under Project 75-India, the Navy will build six conventional diesel-electric submarines that would be bigger than the under-construction Scorpene-class submarines being built at the Mazagon Dockyards Limited in Mumbai.
UNHRC-The United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a UN body that fosters and protects human rights all over the world, established in 15 March 2006, the Geneva, Switzerland headquartered organisation has 47 members elected for 3 years on a regional basis. The main objective of the United Nations Human Rights Council is to investigate allegations of human rights abuse in member states of the United Nations and ensure that the following human rights issues are addressed and upheld to the maximum extent.
1.Freedom of assembly
2.Freedom of expression and free speech
3.Freedom of religion
4.Protection of women’s rights
5.Protecting rights of LGBT community and that of racial and ethnic minorities
International criminal court-The International Criminal Court (ICC) is an intergovernmental organisation and international tribunal headquartered in The Hague. It investigates and tries people charged with serious and grave crimes such as genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and the crime of aggression. It is the first permanent international criminal court in the world.
EU GDPR-European Union has passed a General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) Law.The GDPR redefines the understanding of the individual’s relationship with their personal data.
It relates to an identifiable living individual and includes names, email IDs, ID card numbers, physical and IP addresses.
This law grants the citizen substantial rights in his/her interaction with:
A) Data controllers – Those who determine why and how data is collected such as a government or private news website.
B) Data processors – Those who process the data on behalf of controllers, such as an Indian IT firm to which an E.U. firm has outsourced its data analytics.