1) Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) interceptor AD-1 missile: Defence Research & Development Organisation (DRDO) has recently conducted a successful maiden flight-test of Phase-II Ballistic Missile Defence (BMD) interceptor AD-1 missile from APJ Abdul Kalam Island off the coast of Odisha.
- The AD-1 is a long-range interceptor missile designed for both low exo-atmospheric and endo-atmospheric interception of long-range ballistic missiles as well as aircraft.
- It is propelled by a two-stage solid motor and equipped with indigenously-developed advanced control system, navigation and guidance algorithm to precisely guide the vehicle to the target that move at very high speeds.
- The fully functional ballistic missile defence system contained high-power radars and could potentially protect large areas from the adversary missile or other air attacks.
2) Rhinoceros: According to a study, the horns of rhinoceroses may have become smaller over time from the impact of hunting.
- The study found that the rate of decline in horn length was highest in the critically endangered Sumatran rhino and lowest in the white rhino of Africa, the most commonly found species in the wild and in captivity.
3) The Greater One-horned Rhinoceros: “Indian rhino” is the largest of the rhino species.
- It is identified by a single black horn and a grey-brown hide with skin folds.
- It is one of the five species of Rhinos. The other 4 are:
- White rhino: It is native to northern and southern Africa
- Black rhino: It is native to eastern and southern Africa
- Javan rhino: It is also known as Sunda rhino or lesser one-horned rhino
- Sumatran rhino: Critically Endangered species of rhino
- IUCN Red List: Vulnerable, CITES: Appendix I, Wildlife Protection Act, 1972: Schedule I
- This species of rhino is commonly found in Nepal, Bhutan, Pakistan and in Assam, India.
4) Panamaram Heronry: it is the largest breeding ground of different species of herons in the Malabar region of Kerala. The heronry, formed on a sandbank on the Panamaram River, is a breeding ground for nine species of waterbirds. The site is also the only location in State where the cattle egret breeds.
5) Pahari Tribe: The National Commission for Scheduled Tribes (NCST) has now cleared the way for the inclusion of the ‘Pahari ethnic group’ in the Scheduled Tribes (ST) list of the Union Territory of Jammu and Kashmir.
- The commission also called for the inclusion of the “Paddari tribe”, “Koli” and “Gadda Brahman” communities to be included in the ST list of J&K.
- Currently, Jammu and Kashmir has 12 communities that have been notified as STs.
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