1) Process of Inclusion in the ST List: The process to include tribes in the ST list begins with the recommendation from the respective State governments, which are then sent to the Tribal Affairs Ministry, which reviews and sends them to the Registrar General of India for approval.
- This is followed by the NCST approval before the list is sent to the Cabinet for a final decision.
- The final decision rests with the President’s office issuing a notification specifying the changes under powers vested in it from Articles 342.
- The inclusion of any community in the Scheduled Tribes come into effect only after the President assents to a Bill that amends the Constitution (Scheduled Tribes) Order, 1950, as is appropriate, after it is passed by both the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha.
2) Cordy gold nanoparticles (Cor-AuNPs): These nanoparticles, derived from the synthesis of the extracts of Cordyceps militaris and gold salts, could make drug delivery in the human body faster and surer. Cordyceps militarisis a high value parasitic fungus, lab-grown at the Department of Biotechnology’s Technology Incubation Centre (TIC) in Bodoland University.
- Gold salts are ionic chemical compounds of gold generally used in medicine.
- Wild Cordyceps mushroom is found in the eastern Himalayan belt.
- Penetration in the cells is more when the drug particles are smaller.
- Cordyceps militaris, called super mushroom because of its tremendous medicinal properties, adds bioactive components to the synthesis of gold nanoparticles for better penetration.
3) RISAT-2 satellite: ISRO’s radar-imaging satellite Risat-2 has finally landed on Earth after completing its ‘job’ for over 13 years and lands near Jakarta.
- It was launched in 2009 by a PSLV C-12 rocket following the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks.
- It was India’s first “eye in the sky” to keep surveillance on the country’s borders as part of anti-infiltration and anti-terrorist operations. It was also used to track enemy ships at sea.
- The main sensor of RISAT-2, which was able to observe in all weather conditions day and night, was Israel Aerospace Industries’ X-band Synthetic Aperture Radar.
- It carried 30 kg of fuel for an initial designed life of four years.
4) NAGALAND TO CELEBRATE AVIAN DIVERSITY, UNDERTAKE CENSUS: Nagaland is undertaking the first avian documentation exercise to go beyond Amur falcons, the migratory raptor that put the State on the world birding map.
- The four-day Tokhü Emong Bird Count (TEBC) has been timed with the post-harvest Tokhü Emong festival of the Lothas, the Naga community that dominates Wokha district
- Wokha district is the most preferred stopover for Amur falcons traveling from east Asia to southern Africa. TEBC is Nagaland’s first bird documentation event
5) Grievance Redressal Index: it is published by Department of Administrative Reforms and Public Grievances (DARPG). The Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) tops Grievance Redressal Index third month in a row.
- UIDAI has launched its new AI/ML based Chatbot, Aadhaar Mitra to further enhance residents’ experience. The new Chatbot comes with enhanced features like – check Aadhaar enrollment/update status, tracking of Aadhaar PVC card status etc.
- UIDAI is gradually rolling out advanced and futuristic Open-Source CRM solution.
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